What is Retinal Hemorrhage?
Retinal Hemorrhage is referred to a situation when there is abnormal bleeding in the blood vessels in the retina. The membrane in the back of the eye is affected.
What Happens in Retinal Hemorrhage?
The retina is located in the interior surface of the back of the eye. It is responsible for converting the light into nerve signals that are sent to the brain and processed into visual images. The retina consists of millions of dense light sensitive cells known as rods and cones.
The blood that flows to the retina is balanced by the retinal vein and artery along with a network of small blood vessels that are densely packed supply the circulation. Since these blood vessels are very sensitive, therefore any disease and injury may cause temporary or permanent loss of eye sight. Any minute injury to the blood vessels can lead to vision problems. Diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the eye. When the blood vessels in the retina get damaged which includes Hemorrhage is known as retinopathy.
Causes and Symptoms Retinal Hemorrhage
There can be many reasons for retinal Hemorrhages like injuries or any serious health condition. In infants, a child with retinal Hemorrhage is related to child abuse and this is known as shaken baby syndrome. This is a condition known as retinopathy of prematurity as it occurs in premature born infants who have low birth weight.
An ophthalmologist determines this condition as these symptoms are not easily seen. Diabetic retinopathy is an eye problem related with diabetes. When a person suffers from diabetes, the circulatory system is stressed which results in damage. This includes Hemorrhage of small blood vessels of the retina. The non-proliferative retinopathy happens when the damaged blood vessels do not spread.
The most common symptoms of this problem are floaters, vision spots and loss of vision. If newly formed blood vessels get ruptured, it leads to loss of vision. When the pressure in the area increases, the retina gets detached from the back of the eye and leads to blindness.
Retinal Hemorrhage Treatment
An ophthalmologist can do a laser surgery which is a very common treatment for retinal Hemorrhages. In this a laser beam is used to seal the bleeding or damaged blood vessels in the retina. Using this technique may lead to a little loss of vision. People suffering with retinal Hemorrhages related to high blood pressure and diabetes, a complete treatment is required.
Retinal Hemorrhage Prevention
People suffering from vision problem which includes flashes or floaters in the vision, visual spots and distortion of visual accuracy should get an immediate treatment from an ophthalmologist. When infants suffer from retinal Hemorrhages, the only way to prevent it is by regular prenatal care and keeping a close check on infants with high risk.
People with diabetic retinopathy, control of blood sugar and blood pressure fluctuations should be treated well on time by an ophthalmologist. Retinal Hemorrhage is related closely with hypertension, controlling high blood pressure through exercise, diet and stress reduction is suggested. To prevent this problem, stress management practices can help.