Retinal Detachment

Eye Deceases

(H33) Retinal Detachment

About Retinal Detachment:

Retinal detachment is an eye disease and the infection of this disease can shed the retina from its underlying layer of the tissue. Retinal detachment can lead to vision loss and complete blindness. Retinal detachment occurs on a thin layer of light susceptible tissue on the back wall of the eye and in the infection focuses figure into neural impulses and propels them to the brain through the optic nerve and therefore the disease can be very dangerous. Retinal detachment turns as a medical emergency at times.

ICD-10 H33.
ICD-9 361
eMedicine oph / 504
MeSH D012163

Symptoms of Retinal Detachment:

A posterior vitreous detachment can develop the symptoms of retinal detachment. Some of the most important symptoms of this disease are -

  • Getting very tiny flashes of light outside the center part of vision.
  • Experiencing sudden remarkable increase in the number of floaters.
  • Having a ring of floaters or hairs to the sequential side of the mid vision.
  • Continuously getting a slight heaviness in both eyes.
  • Feeling an opaque shade that begins in the peripheral vision and which develops gradually towards the mid vision.
  • Developing straight lines like- scale, edge of the wall, road etc on the eye.
  • Mostly loss of central vision.

Treatment of Retinal Detachment:

Surgery is the main treatment for retinal detachment. Doctors prescribe immediate or a short period of surgery for the patients of retinal detachment.

Some of the most important and common types of surgeries are:

Cryopexy which is a powerful cold applied therapy, to the vicinity with an ice that induces the formation of scar and the surgery can cleave to the retina to the underlying layer. It is most useful surgery for retinal detachment.

Doctors usually prescribe the laser surgery which can seal the tears or holes in the retina to give a good result to the patients of retinal detachment.

Doctors also prescribe the pneumatic retinopexy. It is a kind of surgery to place a gas bubble in the eye to help the retina float back into place.

Causes of Retinal Detachment:

The main cause of retinal detachment is own without an underlying cause. Doctors say that retinal detachment can be occurred due to trauma, diabetes, an inflammatory disorder in the body. Posterior vitreous detachment is the main and common cause of this disease.

Sometimes bleeding from small retinal blood vessels may shade the interior of the eye and this can also lead to retinal detachment later. However, doctors have not found any hereditary influence of this disease so far. This disease can be cured only by a good surgical treatment.

Retinal Detachment Types:

There are three types of retinal detachment namely - Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, Exudative and Tractional retinal detachment.

  • Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment infects because of breaking in the retina which allows fluid to pass from the vitreous space into the subretinal space.
  • Exudative is a serious retinal detachment which can be occurred due to inflammation, injury or vascular abnormalities.
  • Tractional retinal detachment occurs because of fibrous or fibrovascular tissue which is caused by an injury, inflammation or neovascularization.