Cystoscopy is examining the inside of the bladder and urethra- the tube that transfers urine from the bladder to outside of the body. Cystoscopy is a long and thin instrument with an eyepiece on the outside and a tiny lens with a light on the end which is inserted in the bladder.
The cystoscope is inserted inside the urethra of the patient. The tiny lens enlarges the inner lining of the urethra and the bladder which gives a better view to the doctor. There are many cystoscopes that have extra channels inside the sheath gives space to other tiny instruments that are used to diagnose any urinary problems.
Before undergoing cystoscopy the patient should follow a few things
He should ask the doctor if he has any doubts and questions about the procedure.
A consent form is to be signed by the patient.
The patient should not urinate for about an hour before the urine sample is taken.
The patient also needs to arrange for self transport if he is given spinal or general anesthetic.
After the cystoscopy examination is done, the patient experiences a light burning sensation while urinating and this results in few blood drops in the urine. This is experienced for about 24 hours but if the bleeding or pain is severe, then the patient should consult the doctor. The patient has to follow the following precautions after cystoscopy:-
In order to get rid of the discomfort, the patient is recommended to drink at least two glasses of water after a gap of one or two hours after the test.
The patient also has to check with the doctor if he can bathe with warm water to get rid of the burning sensation or use a damp cloth to relieve the burning sensation.
The doctor will also prescribe antibiotic for a day or two to avoid any infection.
If the patient experiences any signs like fever, chills or severe pain, he should immediately check with the doctor.
The patient should also avoid doing strenuous tasks for at least two weeks.
If the patient is given local anaesthetic, then he can go home as soon as it is done. In case the patient is given spinal or local anaesthitic then it takes about two to four hours to get over the effect of the anesthetic. The patient should take a complete bed rest for 24 hours and avoid drinking alcohol, driving or doing any strenuous job.
After the first few days of cystoscopy, many people experience burning sensation and pain while urinating. It is normality and it hardly lasts for a few days. Bleeding is also considered to be a common problem. The patient is recommended to drink lots of water as it will help the patient to recover faster. After cystoscopy is performed and the bleeding is very severe and heavy or if there are clots of tissue in the urine, then immediately consult with the doctor.