The birth of a child is a happy and thrilling occasion, but following childbirth, some women may develop post pregnancy disorders that can negatively affect a woman’s mental as well as collective wellbeing. Mothers generally experience post pregnancy disorders, mood swings that are most popular and are the result of high hormonal fluctuations that is witnessed during and immediately after childbirth. They may also develop more severe post pregnancy health disorders for instance, post pregnancy depression, post-traumatic stress disorder or a serious but rare condition called postpartum psychosis.
Clinical depression is witnessed in nearly 15 to 25 percent of the population, and women are twice at risk compared to men in terms of experiencing post pregnancy disorder like depression. Women who develop these disorders do not require to feeling cut off; treatment and support are the best remedies.
Post pregnancy disorders are very common, reported in up to 80 percent of new mothers. Symbolized by mood swings, post pregnancy disorders or “baby blues” are general reactions that several mothers experience after childbirth. The onset of post pregnancy disorders, is witnessed three to five days post delivery, and should simmer down as hormone levels begin to settle. Symptoms typically do not last for more than a couple of weeks. If a person continues to feel moods swings or feelings of depression for more than two weeks post childbirth, this post pregnancy disorder may be more serious.
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a prominent form of depression and is less reported than post pregnancy disorders. PPD involves all the signs of depression but is witnessed only following childbirth. It can unearth any time post delivery and can stretch up to a year. PPD is expected to unearth in nearly 10 to 20 percent of new mothers.
Symptoms of PPD are the similar as those for clinical depression and may encompass particular fears for instance excessive preoccupation with the child’s health or disturbing thoughts of harming the baby. Given the stressful conditions of caring for a new baby, it is quite obvious that new mothers may be more tired, moody and anxious. But when a new mother is feeling drastic alterations in motivation, appetite or mood she must look for mental health professional for advice. For a clinical diagnosis of postpartum depression to be conducted, signs of PPD typically must be seen for more than two weeks post childbirth to distinguish them from post pregnancy disorders.
The causes of PPD are not very obvious but research says that the following factors may attribute to the onset of PPD:
Hormonal Changes: A woman undergoes the greatest hormonal fluctuation levels post delivery. Comprehensive hormone fluctuations, like reduced serotonin levels, is witnessed post delivery and may be crucial in the development of PPD.
Situational Risks: Childbirth itself is a great life change and transition, and huge changes can result in a deal of stress and lead to depression. If a prominent event coincides with childbirth, a mother may get more susceptible than average to PPD.
Life Stresses: Ongoing stressful events can catapult the pressures of giving birth to a new baby and may stimulate PPD. For instance, excessive stress at the work place added to the liabilities of a new mother which can lead to emotional stress that could result in PPD. The level of the mother’s relationship with the baby’s father and any unresolved situation related to the pregnancy might also influence a mother’s risk of getting PPD.
Taking antidepressant drugs may help scale down the signs of PPD and should be fused with ongoing consultation with a trained and professional therapist in affairs surrounding childbirth. Studies manifest that some antidepressant drugs have no harmful effects on breastfeeding infants. Psychotherapy is also a fruitful remedy to be facilitated to treat PPD. New mothers must be encouraged to share their feelings or fears with others. Socializing through support groups and with your near and dear ones can also be crucial in recuperation. Exercise and good healthy diet may also better a new mother’s mood and also aid in recovery. Caffeine should be kept at bay as it can stimulate anxiety and mood changes.
If a new mother is suffering from severe depression, the important mother-child relationship may get strained. She may not be competent to respond to her child’s needs. Several studies have suggested that the more depressed a new mother is, the higher the delay in the infant’s growth. A new mother’s attention to her newborn is specifically imperative immediately post birth as the first year of life is a crucial time in cognitive development.
In most cases PPD can be avoided. Early detection can result in early treatment. A major part of preventive measure is being intimated about the risk factors and the medical groups can attribute to identifying and treating PPD. Women should be probed by their physician to ascertain their risk for developing PPD. As social support is also an important factor in prevention, early detection of mothers who are at risk can allow a woman to look for support from physicians, friends, partners, and coworkers.
Symptoms of birth-related PTSD may encompass
Haunting thoughts about the birth
Feelings of fear when near the site where the birth took place
Experiencing numbness and detachment
Disturbing thoughts of the birth experience
Sadness, fear, anxiety or irritability
Postpartum psychosis (PPP), a condition that influences about one-tenth of 1 percent of new mothers, is also a rare type of post pregnancy disorder. Symptoms may include:
Refusal to eat, inability to stop activity, frantic energy
Acute confusion, memory loss
Paranoia, preoccupation with small things, irrational statements
A woman diagnosed with PPP must get immediate medical help. Doctors may prescribe a mood stabilizer or antidepressant drugs to treat PPP.