Orthopedic surgeries involve procedures to correct problems afflicting the musculoskeletal system. Pains, aches and stiffness of joints and bones are the major orthopedic complaints that could be caused due to aging, disease or injury and/or a combination of these.
Some of the common orthopedic surgeries types are listed below:
Autograft is also known as bone grafting, used in repairing fractures that do not heal properly. The graft tissue is obtained through tissue culture.
Laminectomy is a procedure used to treat slipped disk. It involves removing a portion of the lamina (bony arch) of the vertebra thus allowing access to the disc and relieving pressure on the spine.
Osteotomy is a procedure performed to correct deformities of the bone by cutting and resetting misaligned joints. It helps relieve pain in the hip, knee and ankle joints caused due to arthritis.
Patellectomy is the surgical removal of knee-cap. This is done only in severe cases of disintegration of the knee-cap where reconstruction is impossible.
Reduction is a procedure used to align the dislocated joints in case of fractures to heal without deformities.
Resection is another procedure where a bone or a part of it is removed to relieve pain in diseased joints.
Arthroscopy is a procedure that enables the surgeon to see the inside of a joint using an Arthroscope. In addition to being used for diagnosis it is also used to repair or remove damaged cartilage, or make rough joints smooth.
Arthrodesis is a surgery where two joint forming bones are fused to limit their movement. It is done by using rods, screws and plates to hold the bones together. It gives stability to the joint and relieves pain.
Arthroplasty is commonly called total joint replacement surgery, where an artificial joint (prosthesis) replaces a damaged joint. Knees, hips and all joints can all be replaced by this surgery in severe cases of damage to the joint.
Synovectomy is a procedure where the diseased lining of the joint (synovium) is removed to relieve chronic inflammation and pain.
Fasciotomy involves the soft tissue in the connective tissue (fascia) is cut off to release the pressure on the adjoining nerve.
Tenotomy releases the tendon so that the joint is free to move. It is used to treat conditions like clubfoot where the Achilles tendon is removed to allow free joint movement.