Organic Gardening is a kind of agriculture that depends on the techniques and methods such as crop rotation, green manure, compost and biological pest control to sustain soil productivity and restraint pests on a garden or a farm. This type of gardening excludes the use of manufactured fertilizers, pesticides, food additives, and genetically modified organisms.
The history of Organic Gardens traces back to the beginning of the 20 th century. The idea of Organic Gardens became important in the 1950s and 1960s when the field of chemistry experiences some disastrous consequences.
In the early centuries, gardening and farming was organic as there were no chemicals made by man that could be used in the gardens and farms. Farmers themselves worked with plants and the ecosystem to keep pests and diseases off which made them work hard at Organic Garden since failure meant starvation.
In the mid-1800s, Nitrogen fertilizer was produced for mechanization and the development of hybrid seeds which resulted in huge changes in gardening, farming; making it less dependent on labor.
Farms should be designed considering the image of natural ecosystems. Organic Garden Design must combine the knowledge of science with the content of wilderness . Natural ecosystems, for thousands of years, have been of high productivity. They are extremely spirited and use only inexhaustible sources of input.
Natural ecosystems have an ability to maintain environmental quality, and they are quick adapters of natural affray. Hence, they are used as architectural and botanical models for scheming and structuring agricultural ecosystems.
The architecture of organic garden has no single description. Since there are two groups of architects competing to plan the organic food system of the future, the current organic gardening, organic farming and marketing systems are designed to support a doctrine of life rather than just being a supporter for achieving prosperity.
The architecture of Organic Gardening not only comprises of nature's principles of production, but also has livestock to gain control of solar energy, to recycle the trash, and to increase the health and fertility of the soil.