To prepare for the surgery, you need to undergo many tests like ultrasound or CT (computed tomography) scan. Your physician may ask you to consume a laxative that will clear your bowels prior to the procedure. You may also be administered an antibiotic to inhibit any infection from occurring.
In general, you would be advised not to eat anything for 8 hours prior to the procedure, and most hospitals will instruct you to stop eating or drinking anything post midnight.
Talk to your doctor if you are taking any prescription or over-the-counter medications. They will suggest if you could continue to take it. It is also necessary to reveal if you are allergic to certain drugs.
If the surgery is performed through an abdominal incision, salpingo-oophorectomy is the prominent surgery that needs three to six weeks for complete recuperation. But if performed laparoscopically, the recovery time may be shorter.
Patient may feel some discomfort around the incision for a couple of days after surgery but within a month or so, patients can simultaneously get back to normal activities. You should avoid intensely stretching the thighs or the knees. Persistent back pain or bloody or scanty urine signals that the ureter may have been wounded during surgery.
It is natural to feel discomfort for some day. The degree of discomfort may differ based on the type of abdominal incisions, as the abdominal muscles must be stretched more so that the surgeon can view the ovaries properly. In order to cut down the risk of postoperative infection, antibiotics will be given.
When both ovaries are removed, women who do not have cancer are prescribed hormone replacement therapy to ease the symptoms of menopause that occur because estrogen produced by the ovaries is no longer present. If even part of one ovary remains, it will produce enough estrogen that a woman will continue to menstruate, unless her uterus was removed in a hysterectomy. To help offset the higher risks of heart and bone disease after loss of the ovaries, women should get plenty of exercise, maintain a low-fat diet, and ensure that the intake of calcium is adequate.
Return to normal activities takes anywhere from two to six weeks, depending on the type of surgery. When women have cancer, chemotherapy or radiation is often given in addition to surgery. Some women have emotional trauma following an oophorectomy, and can benefit from counseling and support groups.