Myopia is a state of visual defect in which the far-off objects look to be blurred. It is also called short sight. On the contrary, people with myopia can have a perfect look of nearby objects. Contact Lens and Laser surgery can help in setting right the problem of myopia. It is not hereditary in nature but can be caused due to excessive reading and close work. Higher myopia in a person ends up in developing cataract at an early stage in one’s life.
One-third of the population across the globe is vulnerable to the disease of myopia. A recent study suggests that myopia is more prevalent among the Americans than it was a case 30 years back. Generally, Nearsightedness is often noticeable in school-going children or teenagers. The vision in a patient gets worsened when glasses with minus power lenses, prescribed by uncaring doctors, are put on by an eye-sighted person. In rare instance of cases, myopia has the potential danger of causing retinal detachments.
A shortsighted person is able to view the close-up objects clearly, but objects in the distance take a dim view. Squinting enables one to have a lucid picture of far-off objects.
During the growth stages of a child, nearsightedness gets worse. People who are nearsighted are constantly required to change their glasses or contact lenses.
The common symptoms are as under:
There is absolutely no way to prevent the condition of Myopia. The most appropriate option to correct myopia is Laser surgery. Wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses can facilitate in shifting the focus of the light image directly onto the retina, thereby producing a clearer image. During the earlier times, dilating drops were given to the ones who were hit with myopia. But over a period of time they have proved to be not a viable option to continue with.
If either of the two eyes is too long, then that could result in having a myopic problem. It affects male and female population alike. In Singapore, myopia amongst school-going kids has touched an alarming percentage of 75%. Environmental factors tend to stir up the case of myopia. Prolonged reading, sitting for a long period in front of the computer screen can be the added weighing factors for getting myopia.
There are three types of myopia such as: