Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum Contagiosum

About Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection in the skin of human body which is also occasionally caused from the mucous of membranes. The name of the virus is molluscum contagiosum virus and this virus causes infection in the human body along with a DNA poxvirus. Molluscum contagiosum virus infects only humans. The most common areas of this virus infection are on the trunk of the body, arms, and legs. This is highly contagious disease as it can transmit through direct contact or shared items like clothing or towels. However, the common transmission of the infection of this virus is through skin-to-skin contact including sexual contact or touching or scratching the bumps and then touching the skin and therefore staying away from the infected person is very important to prevent its transmission. The infection of this virus can transmit to children at day care or at school by using any such equipment of their fellow partners. With an average incubation period between 2 and 7 weeks, the time of infection to the emergence of lesions can be up to 6 months and there precautionary process should continue for long time as much as possible.

ICD-10 B08.1
ICD-9 078.0
DiseasesDB 8337
MedlinePlus 000826
eMedicine derm/270
MeSH D008976

Symptoms of Molluscum Contagiosum:

Generally, the infection of Molluscum contagiosum virus is restricted to a small area on the topmost layer of the epidermis but it can spread to any part of the skin of a human body. Particularly, if your dimpled section is bleeding frequently you are likely to get infected with this virus. Most importantly, children are likely to get contaminated with this virus by auto-inoculation with having widespread clusters of lesions.

Although the lesion of molluscum begins as a small, painless papule but it can be raised up to a pearly, flesh-colored nodule as the virus develops at the maximum speed. However, the papule frequently has a dimple in the center and these papules and may cause to put on lines on the skin as the person scratches.

Most importantly, the common skin lesion has a central core or plug of white, cheesy or waxy material and in adults these are seen on the genitals, abdomen, and inner thigh.

Treatment of Molluscum Contagiosum:

The most effective treatments of the disease Molluscum contagiosum are -

  • Cryotherapy – Cryotherapy is used for freezing infected cells by a pressurized liquid spray of nitrogen or nitrous oxide.
  • Astringents – Applying Astringent chemicals on the surface of molluscum lesions is a good treatment.
  • Australian lemon myrtle – An essential oil of Australian lemon myrtle is to be used in this treatment.
  • Benzoyl peroxide – Applying benzoyl peroxide cream for 4 weeks is in this treatment.
  • Cantharidin – Applying Cantharidin chemical is in this treatment.
  • Tea tree oil – Usage of tea tree oil is also effective for removing this virus from the body.
  • Over-the-counter substances – Usage of over-the-counter wart medicines is very good for the mild cases.
  • Imiquimod - Imiquimod is a form of immunotherapy which is also effective to fight against this virus.
  • Systemic treatments – There are some systemic treatments also available.
  • Surgical treatment – You can go for surgical treatment if doctors advise you for that.
  • Laser – Laser treatments are also helpful for removing this virus.

Medical Issues Including:

  • Bleeding
  • Secondary infections
  • Itching and discomfort
  • Potential scarring
  • Chronic keratoconjunctivitis

Social Reasons

  • Cosmetic
  • Embarrassment
  • Fear of transmission to others
  • Social exclusion

Causes of Molluscum Contagiosum:

The disease of Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus that is a member of the poxvirus family and it is considered one of the most contagious diseases of virus. There are many reasons of this disease in human body and the most common is the infection in children which occurs when a child comes into direct contact with a lesion. The infection of this virus can be seen quickly on the face, neck, armpit, arms, and hands but the virus is more powerful and so, it can spread to other parts of the body most frequently.

Molluscum Contagiosum Types:

There are four types of Molluscum contagiosum -

  • MCV-1
  • MCV-2
  • MCV-3
  • MCV-4