Melatonin is a hormone released by the pineal gland present in the brain. It maintains other hormones and checks the body's circadian pattern which plays a critical role in regulating the body clock.
Some of the important advantages of melatonin are:
Melatonin helps in disturbed sleep-wake disorders in children and adolescents suffering from mental disorder, autism, and host of other nervous system illnesses.
Majority of research indicates that melatonin can enhance certain symptoms of jet lag like alertness and movement synchronization. It also improves the condition of daytime sleepiness and fatigue.
If 10 mg of melatonin is ingested by mouth in the evening, it can diminish the occurrence of cluster headaches.
Melatonin, if kept under the tongue, seems to be effective in diminishing uneasiness prior to surgery.
It decreases sunburn when administered to the skin in a form of a cream before going outdoors.
1 mg to 5 mg of melatonin is believed to be sufficient. Start taking low dose of melatonin supplements i.e., 0.3 mg then steadily increase your dosage up to 5mg until it is affective.
There are certain side effects which are often witnessed when melatonin is taken in high dose or in combination with certain other medications. The most prominent of these side effects include:
One of the melatonin side effects is irritability. It may irritate you without much provocation. It can stimulate cardiovascular problems. If you’re suffering from heart and immune system disorders, taking high dose of such products is threatening.
If you are suffering from some kind of retinal damage, it would be advisable to stop taking melatonin.
If you are consuming the Monoamine oxidase inhibitor for depression, you should avoid melatonin supplements as this inhibitor could easily increase the quantity of the melatonin hormones in your body and taking any other product could result in overdose.
High dosage of melatonin products may affect the hormones that help you in conceiving a child. In addition it could also mar your sex drive.
Nonetheless, there are no severe melatonin side effects, it would be necessary to keep away from taking high dose of melatonin.