Macular Edema

Eye Deceases

(H35.81) Macular Edema

What is Macular Edema

The complete name of the disease is Cystoid Macular Edema. When the macula swells as a result of eye surgery, the disease or injury is known as cystoids macular Edema. As the fluid builds up in the macular, it causes a blurred vision which reduces as the macular swelling goes down.

ICD-10 H35.8
ICD-9 362.01, 362.53

Causes of Macular Edema

There are a number of causes related to macular Edema but out of this, diabetes is the main cause. In this, the damaged blood vessels in the retina start leaking fluids and blood in small quantity in the retina. This leakage swells the macula.

Other causes of macular Edema are:-

  • Uveitis
  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Blockage in the tiny veins of the retina because of macular telangiectasis and radiation.
  • Retinal vein occlusion
  • Certain types of genetic disorders like retinitis pigmentosa or retinoschisis.
  • Side effects of medications.

Symptoms of Macular Edema

Mostly, macular Edema is painless and there may be just a few symptoms that may come up. The most obvious symptom is when the blood vessels in the eye start leaking.

Other symptoms include hazy central vision or blurred vision and colors appear “washed out” or different. People suffering from macular Edema symptom should get their eyes treated by an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. If this is ignored it can cause permanent blindness.

Treatment of Macular Edema

If a person is suffering from macular Edema, the first treatment suggested by an ophthalmologist is anti inflammatory drops. In a few cases, medication is injected behind the eye for a better effect. Some patients are also prescribed oral medication which helps in reducing the swelling.