Macular degeneration deteriorates the macula, the central portion of the retina. The retina is a tissue, thin like paper and it is positioned at the back section of the eye. The brain gets visual signals through retina. Macula processes sharp, clear, straight-ahead vision. The damaged caused to the macula leads to the blind spots and distorted sight. People who are affected by the Macular degeneration find it difficult to accomplish routine activities like driving and reading. People aged 50 or more normally get affected by the Macular degeneration.
The following are some of the causes of Macular degeneration:
Types of macular degeneration can be listed as below:
There are some hereditary types of macular degeneration and those can be listed as below:
Prevention of disease progression and safeguarding of visual acuity can check the macular degeneration. Intake of nutritional diet, anti-oxidants and zinc checks the complication of the disease. The patient should stop smoking to get macular degeneration in control.
The persons who have got habituated with following things may prevent macular degeneration:
Medical treatment for Macular degeneration could be done with Antioxidants, Laser treatment, Photodynamic therapy and the drugs which obstruct the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).