Eye Deceases

Leishmaniasis ( B55.-+ )

About Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis is a kind of disease rooted by protozoan parasites which belong to the species of Leishmania and this can be also transformed by one of most important causes which are the bites of a sand fly. According to a study by Galati which suggested that a new classification was found for the bite of New World sand flies. The concerned study elevated several subgenera to the genus level which indicated that sand flies bites are the one genus which could transmit Leishmania to humans. Animals are the root cause for this disease. The common form of leishmaniasis is cutaneous leishmaniasis and this disease can harm the human body at the most. However, visceral leishmaniasis is considered as the most fearsome disease of this kind as it may migrate to the vital organs to cause severe problem.

ICD-10 B55.
ICD-9 085
DiseasesDB 3266 29171 3266 7070
MedlinePlus 001386
eMedicine emerg/296
MeSH D007896

Symptoms of Leishmaniasis

The common form of this disease, cutaneous leishmaniasis can affect the skin and sometimes the mucus membranes to cause very difficulty. The most important symptoms are -

  • Stinging of skin which leads to a skin ulcer and that ulcer takes much time to heal
  • Ulcers and erosion in the mouth, tongue, gums, lips, nose, and inner nose and that grows continuously
  • Stifling nose, runny nose, and nosebleeds can also most important reason for leishmaniasis
  • If you are getting breathing difficulty from long time
  • If you are getting swallowing difficulty from long time
  • Feeling abdominal discomfort
  • Continuous fever which is not coming to the balance
  • If you are sweating at night
  • If you are suffering with scaly, gray, dark, ashen skin
  • If you see that your hair is getting thin
  • If you feel that you are losing weight in considerable manner

Some other important symptoms of children are - if they are suffering sudden vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and cough. If they get sudden appetite loss and that continues for long time. Out of all vomiting is the main symptom of children to face leishmaniasis.

Treatment of Leishmaniasis

The most important treatments of this disease are pentavalent antimonials and sodium stibogluconate. These two therapies are commonly used as the main treatments of Leishmaniasis. However, the level of resistance varies according to species of this disease but these two therapies can work almost rightly for this disease. However, there was news of failure of these two therapies in Sudan recently. A new drug has been invented to treat leishmaniasis which is called Miltefosine. According to a study about the performance of this new drug was found good in Africa. The study shows that it is very effective for leishmaniasis. However, the concerned research has been taken for consideration and the comprehensive study is being developed in Colombia regarding the rate of effectiveness of the drug Miltefosine for leishmaniasis.

Causes of Leishmaniasis

When cutaneous leishmaniasis affects the skin and mucus membranes then skin sores start at the site of the sand fly bite and this is the main cause of starting the disease. However, in some other cases, it has been observed that sores may develop on mucus membranes also.

Many people unable to find that they are suffering with a skin sore and this form can lead to deadly complications as the parasites damage the immune system by decreasing the numbers of disease-fighting cells and therefore leishmaniasis develops speedily there.

Types of Leishmaniasis

The most well known types of leishmaniasis are cutaneous leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis. However, there are some of the species of leishmaniasis which are appeared different types in different countries and in different human races.

Leishmaniasis Forms

  • Visceral Leishmaniasis
  • Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
  • Diffuse Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
  • Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis