Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca

Eye Deceases

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (H19.3)

About Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca

 Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is better known as keratitis sicca or xerophthalmia and it is mostly a dry eye syndrome. Keratitis sicca is a kind of typical eye disease which is mainly caused by eye dryness.  Doctors have found some of the main causes of this disease such as decline of tear formation and alternately it may cause increased tear film evaporation. This disease may occur both in humans and in animals. The name of this disease means dry inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva in Latin.

ICD-10 H19.3
ICD-9 370.33
eMedicine article/1196733 article/1210417
MeSH D007638

Symptoms of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca:

The most important symptoms of this disease are getting tremendous dry and burning sensation in the eyes. A sandy-gritty eye irritation is also considered as an important symptom of this disease. Some other symptoms can be marked like

  • Pain in the both eyes
  • Getting redness continuously
  • A pulling sensation for many days
  • Feeling pressure behind the both eyes
  • Feeling a speck of dirt in the both eyes
  • Getting eye surface with continuous discomfort and sensitivity to bright light
  • Feeling itchy in the eye surface
  • A stringy discharge from the eyes occurs in the initial time of the infection
  • The feeling of dryness increases but that leads to watery eyes which is a surprising symptom. Doctors say that it is happened only because of the eye irritation and therefore the infected person feels dryness in the eye but his/her eyes are filled up with water.
  • Excessive tearing as it lets the patient to feel to have something in the eye

Some of the most effective activities that lead to fatal result for the eyes when the eyes are with its early symptoms of this disease are:

  • Prolonged reading
  • Usage of the computer for long time
  • Driving two wheelers without eye protect
  • Watching television for long time

You have to take well care for your eyes when you feel symptoms of this disease. You need to avoid dry weather and you need to keep your eyes cool by wearing sun glasses. Keep away your eyes from wind, smoke and other humid conditions.

Treatment of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca:

Symptoms of the disease are very crucial and it is difficult to treat it well. There have been many controversies regarding dry eye syndrome which is mainly called as a symptom-based disease.  There are some of very important treatments of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca disease, according to experts:

  • The usage of the hot compresses or eyelash cleaning is  given priority to treat this disease.
  • The usage of lubricating ointments is also considered a good treatment.
  • Restasis, topical corticosteroids, and oral tetracycline and doxyccycline are famous treatments for this disease.
  • Doctors usually use small plugs which can be placed in the tear drainage ducts to help the tears stay on the surface of the eye which is a quick pain reliever.
  • The usage of artificial tears is also important treatment.
  • Patients can also go for the surgery which may be used when eyelids are in an abnormal location.

Causes of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca:

According to doctors, the abnormality of any one of the three layers of tears can develop an unbalanced tear film which is the main reason of keratitis sicca.

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca Types:

Although there is no other type of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, it is called in three different names like Keratitis sicca, Xerophthalmia and Keratoconjunctivitis sicca.

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca in Dogs

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca is commonly effected in below breeds of dogs.

  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Bulldog
  • Chinese Shar-Pei
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Shih Tzu
  • West Highland White Terrier
  • Pug
  • Bloodhound
  • Cocker Spaniel
  • Pekingese
  • Boston Terrier
  • Miniature Schnauzer
  • Samoyed