Hypermetropia refers to the abnormal defect of vision in which a person is able to focus on objects at a distance, but not on close objects. This is called nothing but long-sight. Often, it strikes a person at an early age i.e. when the child is under 5 years of age. However, elders are not immune to it as 5-10% of the population can get affected by Hypermetropia. It occurs due to the rupture of the lens. The smallness of eyeball can also cause Hypermetropia. By way of wearing glasses studded with converging lenses the problem of Hypermetropia can be overcome.
The symptoms of Hypermetropia are liable to be differentiated from one individual to another in the following manner:
The treatment for Hypermetropia can be done through eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery. Eyeglasses are the precise, uncomplicated, and the safest method to correcting hyperopia. However, if the patient suffers from any aligning eye conditions, then the contact lenses cannot be worn by him/her.
There are the underlining reasons behind a child developing Hypermetropia:
Retinitis Pigmentosa and Microphthalmia are the two other factors which can influence hypermetropia. In the former case, Retinitis Pigmentosa is an eye disease wherein the retina gets eroded whereas in the latter case, Microphthalmia takes its genesis from hereditary syndrome.
Hypermetropia can be classified into the following categories: