Preserving the organs before transplantation is one of the crucial aspects that make organ transplantation possible and successful. The process of organ preservation was discovered during the latter part of the 20th century. The main aim of the preservation is to keep the organs in a cool environment that delays biological deterioration. This is the main supply line for any transplantation procedure and it buys time for the preparations of the surgery.
The organs can be stored in a static environment or a dynamic environment. Static cold storage (SCS) sets a cold environment (along with nutritive solutions) and is used for heart, pancreas, liver and lungs. Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) sets a dynamic environment with oxygen supply mechanism and is used for kidneys.
Different solutions are used to preserve organs for transplantation: