Small intestine is the area where major part of the food is digested. Only small part of food is digested in the stomach. Therefore small intestine is the mainly responsible for digestion and if it has any infection then it causes a great problem. That why biopsy is done so that infection can be found out in time and treatment can be done accordingly.
A procedure in which part of the cell or tissues is taken out from the body for diagnosing it under microscope is known as small intestine or` small bowel biopsy. Mainly the cells or tissues are taken from small intestine. This is mainly done by a physician, or a pathologist. A flexible fibre like tube is inserted through nose or mouth and into the upper intestine from where the samples are taken and send it in the laboratory for examination. There are many diseases like malabsorption, iron deficiency (anaemia), coeliac disease, neoplasia which can be detected through biopsy. There are many diseases where biopsy is helpful in diagnosing it. That’s why doctor recommended small intestine biopsy to detect the diseases in that portion. It takes only few minutes to complete the whole procedure.
The first small intestine biopsy was developed by the Arab physician Abulcasim (1013-1107) AD. He used the needle to take the sample of the tissues. ‘A patient who was suffering from diarrohea infection was detected through flexible type tube in the nose or mouth into the upper gastrointestinal tract and samples were taken. But now at the stage of development there are many ways and methods through which biopsy of small intestine has been made easy and simple. There is an endoscopic method which is most popular and prefer by the patients. Another method is Capsule biopsy method which is also gaining popularity. Also there are no longer old methods and instruments used to detect the diseases in small intestine. New methods and technologies have beaten the old and outdated methods.
The main purpose of this biopsy is to detect the intestinal diseases so that treatment can be done in time. This biopsy can be done open and laparoscopically.in the open surgery a large cut is made and the sample is taken from the area of the patient. In laparoscopic surgery small cut is made and a tube like needle is inserted along with the camera and sample is taken and sends it in the laboratory.
There are two major types of biopsies
Suction Biopsies: in this type of biopsy samples are taken from the jejunum. This biopsy is now replaced by endoscopic biopsy because it has no such advantages as endoscopic biopsy has.
Endoscopic Biopsies: this type of biopsy is more advance and faster and results are also visible. Patients are more comfortable with this biopsy. In this type a flexible type of tube is inserted in the mouth or nose and into the upper gastrointestinal tract and sample is taken.