Physicians conduct hernia operation to repair impairments or deficiencies in the abdominal wall that enable the bowel to slip through. When the bowel projects through the abdominal wall, one outcome can be strangulation, which is a serious condition where the bowel gets tracked in the abdominal wall muscle, which severs the blood supply, damaging the bowel tissue. Hernia repair operation thrusts back the bowel into the abdomen and repairs the site.
The most important benefit of hernia surgery is that it is performed to correct the bulge before it result in a blockage of either the intestine or stomach, which would then require medical emergency.
There are two ways in which hernia can be repaired: Laparoscopic Hernia Repair and Conventional Hernia Repair.
More probability of reoccurrence or conversion to open surgery
General anesthesia is needed
Not suitable for certain types of Hernia
Prolonged recuperation period and longer hospitalization
Pain is a probable side effect of any surgical process. After an abdominal hernia repair, a patient may encounter pain immediately after the operation. This pain may last for long at the incision site.
Several prominent structures surround the area where abdominal hernias occur. Injury to those organs of body part could be a possible side effect of the hernia operation. In males, a blood supply to the other body parts like testicles along with the tube that carries sperm close to the area where hernia repair is conducted. Either of those organs can get impaired during a hernia repair. Based on the location of the hernia, blood vessels and veins to the legs can also be close to the repair site. As the operation involves the abdomen, harm to the intestine is also probable.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, the possibility of a wound infection is less in hernia surgery and is more found in older patients. Patients having infection may develop fever, discharge, redness, and tenderness at the incision location. Treatment of the infection may need antibiotics or reopening of the incision to clear the infection.
A recurrence of the hernia, which may occur after several years of the hernia surgery, is a general hernia surgery side effect. When it happens, surgeons will have to perform another operation to fix the hernia. Newer techniques have reduced not inhibited the risk of recurrence.
Bleeding after the operation from the incision location can be a potential complication of surgery. This is more common with open surgery than with laparoscopic surgery due to the size of the incision. Surgeons use a several techniques in the operation room to obtain hemostatis or control of bleeding. These systems may encompass electrocautery, applying direct pressure, tying off bleeding vessels and several products that assist in increasing blood clotting for instance surgical.
A post-operative ileus is a situation of temporary lack of common bowel function. The condition can unearth from direct simulation of the bowel during surgery or from drugs. The symptoms may encompass bloating, constipation, vomiting, loss of appetite, lack of cramping or flatus. Ileus generally occurs between 24 to 72 hours of post surgery. The symptoms usually subside with bowel rest and intravenous fluids.
As observed by the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, protrusion of the herniating tissue is the general reason of an incarcerated hernia. This protrusion can finally cut off the blood supply, leading to a strangulated hernia. A strangulated hernia is a severe condition due to the imminent probability of obstruction of the intestinal lumen, which may result in vomiting and abdominal pain, and often become fatal. The affected intestine may also die. This emergency repair of incarcerated hernias brings increased risk of complications for vulnerable people specifically the elderly. In a recent study it was told that as the surgery was an emergency, the patient was not properly prepared for anesthesia, in turn enhancing the rate of anesthetic complications.
Seroma is a tumor-like lump of fluid buildup inside the surgical wound that occurs after operation. This is generally linked with the use of a mesh, an artificial material used in hernia repair techniques. This results in localized swelling of the surgical injury. The management of this risk can range from careful observation--since most seromas subsides spontaneously to needle aspiration in the event of large, bulging seromas.
The incision from the hernia surgery may leave a scar behind. For some people, the scar tissue may be painful. The pain will generally go away itself over time.
After surgery, difficulty in urinating is a very general complaint if the statement of the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons is to be believed. Placing a urinary catheter for some time may enable some relieve from this complication.