Introduction: A maze is a tour puzzle. It is in the form of a complex branching pathway through which the puzzler must find a route. A Hedge Maze is an outdoor garden maze in which the dividers or the “walls” between corridor and pathway are made of upright row of bushes.
Hedge Maze was first constructed during the mid 16th century inspired from the knot gardens of Renaissance Europe. Earlier, mazes were made from evergreen herbs, but as time passed by, dwarf box emerged as an option due to its strong and healthy appearance. The hedge mazes were not constructed to confuse, rather to provide a unicursal walking path.
A unicursal maze is strange as you don’t solve it. However, when you walk the pathway, you are constantly encountered by twists and turns until you finally arrive at the center. Walk continuously without pausing or making choices to back-track.
It is approximately hard to design a good unicursal maze. If this type of maze is made, the main path must cover the whole area without dead-ends being filled with spare areas.
A branching maze has just one path which directs to the center. There may be many paths leading off the main path, but all these are of lesser importance because of dead-ends. Here, back-track can be an option. This is why it has been named a branching maze. Untangling all the paths and laying them gives straight lines that form a tree-like structure.
Mazes are built with walls and rooms, with hedges, turf, corn stalks, hay bales, books, paving stones of juxtaposing colors and designs, bricks and turf, or in corn fields or indeed maize. Mazes are usually kept for only one season and promoted as seasonal tourist attractions.
Architecting a maze is the act of designing the layout, the pathway, passage and walls within the maze. However, many maze generation algorithms are available for building them, either manually or automatically through a computer.
The two main methods to build a maze are; “Carving passages” and “Adding Walls”. In carving passage, one marks out the network of available routes, and in the latter, one lays out the hindrances within an open area.