Hair Coloring Guide And Types of Hair Colors

Hair Coloring Guide And Types of Hair Colors

Whatever the natural color of your hair is, by just changing its shade or by highlighting it use can gain an extremely gorgeous look. Hair coloring is the technique of changing the color of the hair. Coloring is one of the best ways to get a stylish look. You can also make use of colors to cover your faded or gray hair. Let us see some of the basic ideas about coloring.


Temporary Hair Color

Temporary hair colors are used to color hair for special occasions and the color will last only for a short period of time. These colors are available in the market in various forms like as gels, shampoos, sprays, foams etc. The temporary hair colors are usually brighter than all other color types. The pigments present in temporary hair colors are too large and hence cannot penetrate into the cuticle layer of hair instead they remain attached to the hair shaft. These colors are easy to apply and easy to remove.

Semi-permanent Hair Color

The coloring pigments present in the semi permanent hair colors are smaller than the temporary hair color, thus it can penetrate partially to the cuticle layer of hair. They may last for few weeks and can withstand about 5-6 shampooing. These colors contain only very low concentration of developers and other chemicals like peroxide, ammonia etc and thus can be safely applied on to fragile or sensitive hair. The color absorption depends on the porosity of the cuticle and as a result a slight variation in color may occur in various hair strands.

Permanent Hair Color

As the name indicates these colors remain permanent on hair and may remain intact even after repeated washing. Even though it won’t get washed off, some times the color may fade. Once the hair starts growing, the newly grown hair may appear in its natural color against the colored portion. These colors can be removed only with the help of bleaches or color removers. These colors are chemically a mixture of oxidizing agents (developers) and alkaline solution. When the color containing alkaline agent is mixed with the developer a specific chemical reaction occurs that increases the porosity of hair and thereby facilitates the easy penetration of color to the hair cortex. Once the color reaches the hair cortex, it will cause de-pigmentation of melanin followed by the absorption of new color.


Some of the most common hair coloring techniques are:


Highlighting is the technique of brightening up or adding shine to the natural hair color. Hair are generally highlighted with shades like amber, golden, red etc. Highlighters can also be applied along with permanent colors to get a stunning look.


Twilighting is the technique of applying a lighter colors that will give only slight difference in color compared to the natural color of the hair.


Lowlighting is the technique of applying darker shades to over lightened hair to give a fascinating look. You can use more than one shade to add more beauty to the dull hair color.


Veiling is the technique of enhancing or brightening up the existing hair color by applying a semi permanent glaze on to it.


Chunking is the technique of coloring random sections of hair especially with trendy bright or rich tones.


  • First thing you have to do is to buy a good quality hair color kit. Open the kit and read the instructions carefully to avoid making mistakes. Following are the steps involved in coloring.
  • The first step is to Shampoo your hair followed by the application of conditioner. This should be done two days before you color the hair. Within these two days, the scalp will produce oils naturally. The oil so secreted acts as a protective covering against the chemical effects of hair color.
  • Make sure you have all the necessary things needed for coloring like mirror, dress which you don’t mind if color gets on to it, hair clips, towel etc.
  • Wear gloves to protect your hands and using the hair clip section for your hair.
  • Using the brush provided with the kit start applying the color to a particular hair section.
  • The hair root should be colored first and then gradually towards the tip of the follicle.
  • After applying color to a section, pile it on top of the head and clip it there. In order to separate the colored section, you can also make use of aluminum foil.
  • Similarly, color the entire hair strands by taking a particular hair section at a time.
  • Let the color remain on the hair until the time specified in the kit.
  • Once the required time has reached, wash your hair properly.


  • Before coloring, test the color on small section to ensure the product does not cause any allergic reactions to your skin.
  • Never shampoo your hair just after coloring. You should wait for at least one or two days to shampoo.
  • For shampooing use only mild shampoos especially those are meant for colored hair.
  • If you have undergone any hair treatment like perming or straightening, choose a kit that is devoid of ammonia.
  • To color faded or gray hair, you can preferably choose permanent colors.
  • For highlighting, limit the number of colors to a maximum of two.