What is Gastroscopy
Gastroscopy is an examination of the inner part of the gullet, stomach and duodenum. Gastroscopy is conducted by facilitating a thin, flexible fibre-optic device that is passed through the mouth and enables the physician to view whether there is any disorder or damage to the lining of the oesophagus (gullet) or stomach, and if there are any ulcers in the abdomen or duodenum.
The gastroscopy ascertains when drug treatment alone is enough and when an investigation by gastroscopy at the local hospital is required.
The technique is painless and is generally performed under a mild sedative as in a specialized endoscopy cabin.
Often, after a mutual discussion with the endoscopist, the gastroscopy may be performed without any sedation. When sedation is performed, the patient is not able to drive or operate any machine for the entire day.
Anyone suffering from stomach troubles the patient should consult a physician who will, in majority of cases, treat the signs without a major examination.
Purpose of Gastroscopy
- Excessive Acute upper GI bleeding to stabilize the actual location of hemorrhage prior to endoscopic cautery, surgery, etc.
- Dysphagia specifically if esophageal strictures are visible on an earlier upper gastro intestinal series.
- Dyspepsia if unruly to standard medical antireflux therapy, EGD is also suggested whenever a surgical antireflux procedure is planned.
- Odynophagia, when inflammation or infection is medically expected, especially if esophagitis from cytomegalovirus, Candida, or herpes simplex virus is expected.
- Gastroscopy is suggested when surveillance endoscopy for pre-malignant conditions is suspected, like as Barrett's esophagus and Plummer-Vinson syndrome.
When abnormalities are witnessed on upper GI series which require cross confirmation and tissue biopsy then gastroscopy is conducted.
- When gastric outlet blockage is suspected then gastroscopy is conducted.
- When a typical chest pain is complained by the patient this process is recommended.
- Gastroscopy is conducted when abdominal pain of unknown etiology is suspected.
- When routine uncomplicated cases of gastroesophageal reflux are suspected gatroscopy is advised.
- If uncomplicated events of duodenal ulcer manifested by upper GI series, gastroscopy is conducted.
Types of Gastroscopy
There is only one process of conducting gastroscopy by passing a flexible light tube into the stomach by often administering slight sedation.