Fracture neck of femur is a common injury witnessed by the elderly. The fracture can be a prominent reason of morbidity in the elderly as it leads to immobilityamount most of patients.
Astley Paston Cooper, English Surgeon and anatomist described the intertrochanteric fracture (a type of fracture neck of femur) in his treatise of 1851. Histreatment involved bed rest, use of crutches or a cane, and then an elevated shoe. The detection and care of intertrochanteric fractures were then researched and written about by Dupuytren, Malgaigne, Velpeau, and Whitman. In 1902, Royal Whitman suggested the reduction of fractures internal rotation, abduction, and traction under anesthesia with inactivity in a spica cast stretching from the nipple line to the toes. Cannulated fixation tools enabled the surgeon to heck the position of the fixation device and add to the surgeon's tools.
Today, surgeons facilitate radiographs on an image magnifier to project and record a comfortable stable reduction of the fracture. All these improved devices andtechnologies have offered new hope and enhanced expertise level of surgeons.
Osteoporosis leads to thinning or weakening of the bone due to loss ofbone mass. This condition is affecting the elderly population of the society, specificallywomen. With thinner and weaker bones people with osteoporosis are at higher riskfor getting a hip fracture from even a minor fall.
To understand subtypes it is imperative to know the structure of the femur. Theupper part of the femur (thigh bone) consists of the head, the neck and twotrochanters – the greater and lesser tronchanter located like a ridge on theupper edge of the long bone.
It involves the femoral head which is resultant of high degree trauma like motor accidents and sometimes lead to dislocation of the hip joint.
This is found in the neck region in between the femoral head and the greater trochanter. Fracture of the neck obstructs the blood supply to the head of the femur.
The more extending the fracturedbone seems on the X- ray films the poorer the prognosis is. Is also hinders theblood supply to the head of the bone which results in loss of blood supply which may in turn leads to cell death.
This Fracture has been Classified into Four Subtypes
It is the most general type of hip fracture. The prognosis for this type of fracture is quite good, particularly in a healthy patient.
It is developed in the shaft (body) of the femur, beneath the lesser trochanter.
What is Bone Marrow Biopsy | What is Amniocentesis | What is Anesthesia Spinal | What is Appendectomy | What is Artificial Insemination | What is Bariatric Surgery | What is Biopsy Endometrial | What is Biopsy of Liver | What is Biopsy of Lungs | What is Cervical Biopsy | What is Cesarean Section | What is Circumcision Surgery | What is Cystoscopy | What is Dental Anesthesia | What is Dilatation and Curettage | What is Epidural Anesthesia | What is Face Lift | What is Fractured Neck of Femur | What is General Anesthesia | What is Hernia | What is Hip Replacement | What is Hysterectomy | What is In Vitro Fertilization | What is Incisional Hernia | What is Lasik Eye Surgery | What is Liposuction | What is Local Anesthesia | What is Mitral Valve Regurgitation | What is Mitral Valve Repair | What is Oophorectomy | What is Rhytidectomy | What is Small Intestine Biopsy | What is Tonsillectomy | What is Tracheostomy | What is Tubal Sterilization | What is Ureteroscopy | What is Uterus Removal | What is Varicocele Surgery | What is Vasectomy