Fluoride is mainly found in low concentration in drinking water and foods. However water obtained from various underground sources are more likely to have higher levels of fluoride present in them. Fluoride consists of salts that are formed when fluorine combines with minerals in soil or rocks.
The U.S Public Health Department and the American Dental Association have suggested that fluoride supplements should be given to children from the age group of 6 months to 16 years. Fluoride can be found in toothpastes, mouth rinses, gels/foams and different dietary supplements.
As per the public health officials, fluoride supplementation stands equal in ranking alongside water purification and vaccines as one of the top public health measures. This is a really good sign since it proves the safety of the product and the importance of it too. The fluoride added neither the water or food when the bloodstream in the individuals body gets incorporated in their teeth, making it stronger and resistant from decaying. Apparently, Fluoride doesn't reduce cavity but rather it tends to slow down the rate at which the cavity grows.
Extreme exposure to fluoride over a lifetime may lead to bone fractures in adults and can result in effects on bone leading to pain and tenderness. 8 years and younger children exposed to excessive amounts of fluoride have a higher chance of developing pits in the tooth along with numerous other effects to their teeth. Fluoride is considered to be more poisonous when compared to lead. Even though Fluoride is very helpful for the teeth, the balance that needs to be maintained lies between a thin strand. Excess amount of Fluoride can cause damage to the teeth leading to white patches being formed on them and in worse cases the teeth turn brownish and are very week. Therefor the prescription needs to be accurate.
The dosages for children differ from age group and so the need to consult a doctor personally is very important. On a general bases, children from 6 months to 3 years are suggested to take in 0.25mg of Fluoride, children from 3 years to 6 years are suggested to take in 0.5mg and children from 6 years to 16 years are to take 1.0mg. The need to consult a doctor before prescribing these levels is a must and should not be avoided.