Flavonoids, more commonly known as Vitamin P, are not actually true vitamins, nonetheless they possess vitamin-like components.
There is a gamut of compounds found in plants, which are categorized as plant pigments. Over 4000 pigments have been detected, they bring out the dazzling colors in fruits and flowers.
Heat, boiling, acidity, and processing can lead to prominent loss of flavonoid content in food. Hence it is suggested not to overcook food to yield optimum benefits. The benefits of flavonoids are many. Let’s take a closer look.
Some of the benefits of flavonoids are:
Majority of flavonoids are strong antioxidants that assist in neutralizing damaging free radicals and inhibit oxidative stress which damage cells and DNA, and which can also result in aging and degenerative disorders i.e. Alzheimer’s, cancer and Parkinson's disease.
Accentuates the effects of the other antioxidant vitamins, and enhances levels of glutathione, a necessary and strong antioxidant.
Enhances the potential of vitamin C by catapulting its absorption, protracting its effectiveness, and inhibiting it from oxidation.
Functions with vitamin C to consolidate and protect blood vessel structure, and diminishes prolonged bleeding, nose-bleeding and bruising.
It has been clinically proved that it is useful in the treatment of varicose veins and hemorrhoids.
It helps in alleviating oral herpes.
Flavonoids, in collaboration with vitamin C, helps treat cold sores.
It is also helpful in preventing and treating cataracts.
It triggers bile production.
It is useful in curing sports injuries and reduces bumps, ache, and bruises.
It is helpful in relieving back and leg pain.
It reduces vulnerability of cardiovascular disease and heart stroke by reducing LDL cholesterol level and inhibiting blood platelets from clumping.
It is known to reduce hypertension (high blood pressure) and probability of stroke and heart disease.
Doses in most supplements available in the market range from 30 to 200 milligrams per day which is recommended for normal maintenance. For therapeutic results the range may vary from 50 to 500 mg per day.
Except green tea, research on flavonoids generally shows no known side effects. High doses do not lead to any serious side effects, even an amount of 100 grams a day. Excess ingestion is just drained out through urine.
The prominent sign of flavonoid overdose could be diarrhea.
In the form of green tea, highly concentrated doses might have too much caffeine which is harmful for cancer and hepatitis patients.