14001500 in Fashion

1400–1500 in Fashion: General Trends

During 15th century, the western fashion was portrayed by a range of innovations starting from huge gowns known as houppelandes with their far-reaching floor-length sleeves to the revealing doublets. The headdresses were also seen with value addition as they were decorated, designed with jewelry and feathered.

As the western countries continued to develop, the upper middle class people, highly positioned employees started to wear more fashionable clothes, thereby increasing the distance between lower class and upper class. National dissimilarity in clothing seemed to increase throughout the century.

The most popular fabric during 15th century was wool. Next preferences were linen and hemp. Starting from rough undyed cloth to superior, wool fabrics were accessible in wide-ranging qualities. Impenetrable broadcloth with a velvety snooze, costly broadcloth was in demand by the English economy. Fur was used as a lining layer inside the main cloth, but only wealthy people could buy it, as it was expensive a lot.

1400–1500 in Fashion: Men’s Clothing

Men in 15th century used to wear clothes like shirt, doublet, hose, overgown and headgear. Next to the skin they used to wear linen shirts. By the end of the century, shirts started to be full through the body and sleeves became wide with low neck. A doublet was worn over the shirt. Since mid-century, for young men it was fashionable to wear tight-fitting doublets with belt or tailored at the waist, to give an effect of a shirt skirt beneath. The sleeves were full, inflated, and if put on with a full-size chaperon, the appearance was really stylish.

Tight-fitting hose, pointed shoes or thigh-boots were giving a satisfying look under the waist, and a chubby, solid one on the top. The doublet was pleated most of the times, particularly at the back.

Men, including both upper and lower classes, used to wear short braies or breeches, a baggy undergarment made of linen which was attached with a belt. Woolen hose or chausses were worn to cover the legs. Initially hose has leather soles so that the user can wear it without shoes. Hose were normally attached to the breech belt, or to the breeches.

Men in that period wore a gown with richness, falling from the shoulder portion in organ pleats and extremely full sleeves regularly touching the floor, at the beginning of the century, along with a high collar.

Short length or long cloaks or mantles were used for festive occasions and in awful weather. These cloaks were normally fixed firmly on one shoulder. Men of all classes used hood in common as a component of clothing.

1400–1500 in Fashion: Women’s Clothing

Women in 15th century used gown, kirtle, and chemise as their clothes. A long gown with sleeves was worn over a kirtle or undergown. Next to the skin, usually, a chemise was worn.

A high-waisted outline with completeness over the stomach, replaced the long-waisted one of the earlier centuries. The outfit was confined by the belt most of the times.

The century witnessed many other developments in fashion including lower V-neck at the back, a gown with a bell-shaped skirt, with noticeable casings hardened with reeds etc.

1400–1500 in Fashion: Hairstyles

For men, during mid 15th century, it was considered as fashionable to have a bowl hair cut with hair shaved at the back portion of the neck. BY the end of the century men preferred to have shoulder-length hair. This trend continued till beginning of the 16th century.

Women wore different types of hats and headdresses. By mid part of the century, the hair was dragged back from the forehead. The crespine was used only in the back portion of the head.

Coifs or caps, veils, and wimples of crisp linen were also in use during the century.

And in a breakthrough in fashion, women of 15th century started to shave their eye brows and foreheads.

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