Female Sterilization Requirements

Female Sterilization Requirements

In the present days, female sterilization is the most reliable contraceptive method available.  It is advisable for women who are not keen on bearing children. Further, the procedure is well suited for those women who have no previous history of being reluctant to undergo surgery. Usually, women between the age group of 30-35 can undergo the process of sterilization. The requirements for undergoing the process of female sterilization are mentioned as under:

  • Female sterilization must be offered by well-trained doctors.

  • Paramedical staff with minimum knowledge in surgical aspects can be involved in the female sterilization process 

  • Sufficient attention must be paid to adoption of good surgical techniques, infection prevention, and counseling

  • There should not be any unjustified legal barriers like legal restrictions, age and parity restrictions, marriage requirements, and spousal or parental consent requirements

Preparation for Female Sterilization

Female sterilization involves basic preparation before going to the clinic

  • Avoid eating or drinking anything for eight hours prior to the operation.
  • Ideally, one should take a bath before visiting the clinic for the operation
  • Put on fresh and loose clothing
  • The patient should have arrangement as she must be accompanied by a family member or friend while returning home after the operation.
  • Female sterilization should be avoided either during the pregnancy period of a woman or after a period of 8 to 41 days from the day of delivery.
  • A woman who is planning to undergo sterilization must be advised to use temporary contraceptives until the completion of the exercise.
  • A counselling session prior to the surgery should detail the patient as to how to prepare for the surgery and what to anticipate during and after the operation.
  • No one should ever be pressurized to undergo sterilization.

Process of Female Sterilization

Female sterilization is also called tubal ligation. The established practice is that female sterilization is done under a general or local anesthesia. It is an effective process that permanently curbs the ability of a woman to conceive by tying off the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are the tubes leading from the ovaries to the uterus through which the eggs travel. Once the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut, the sperm cannot reach the eggs and fertilize them. Though female sterilization is a permanent procedure, it is reversible in 50 to 80% of cases.