In the present days, female sterilization is the most reliable contraceptive method available. It is advisable for women who are not keen on bearing children. Further, the procedure is well suited for those women who have no previous history of being reluctant to undergo surgery. Usually, women between the age group of 30-35 can undergo the process of sterilization. The requirements for undergoing the process of female sterilization are mentioned as under:
Female sterilization must be offered by well-trained doctors.
Paramedical staff with minimum knowledge in surgical aspects can be involved in the female sterilization process
Sufficient attention must be paid to adoption of good surgical techniques, infection prevention, and counseling
There should not be any unjustified legal barriers like legal restrictions, age and parity restrictions, marriage requirements, and spousal or parental consent requirements
Female sterilization involves basic preparation before going to the clinic
Female sterilization is also called tubal ligation. The established practice is that female sterilization is done under a general or local anesthesia. It is an effective process that permanently curbs the ability of a woman to conceive by tying off the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are the tubes leading from the ovaries to the uterus through which the eggs travel. Once the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut, the sperm cannot reach the eggs and fertilize them. Though female sterilization is a permanent procedure, it is reversible in 50 to 80% of cases.