Explain About Renal Transplantation

Renal or kidney transplantation is a process of extracting healthy kidneys from a dead or living donor and fixing it in the patient whose kidneys are damaged. Renal transplantations are done in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) and congenital kidney conditions where one or both the kidneys are damaged, questioning the survival of the patient. Common causes of ESRD are: diabetes, high blood pressure and chronic glomerulonephritis. Rejection is the main side-effect resulting in the failure of a transplant and this is dealt with immune suppressive drugs such as cyclosporins, corticosteroids and other new antibody targeting drugs.