Eye Deceases

(H50.0, H50.3) Esotropia

Esotropia Information

In medical terminology, Esotropia is called the state of being squint-eyed. This is a case of dull vision of one or both eyes. This occurs either during the period of infancy or early part of childhood. Eye muscle surgery guarantees restoring normal eye vision. Esotropia is sometimes mistakenly called “lazy eye”, which brings into the context of amblyopia. It contains the hidden danger of causing severe visual disability in the affected eye, including blindness. A miniscule percentage (2-3%) of children has esotropia at the birth stage itself. However, in a majority of cases, only one eye gets affected.

ICD-10 H50.0, H50.3
ICD-9 378.0

Symptoms of Esotropia

Generally, children who are affected with esotropia are unable to use both of their eyes at a time to take a gaze at a thing. The most popular symptoms of esotropia are as under:

• Drop in one’s vision
• Misalignment of the eyes
• Double vision

What Causes Esotropia?

Though the exact cause is yet to be determined, the most probable cause offered is either because of skewed eyes or because of tumor.

What are the Available Treatments for Esotropia?

People who are suffering from infantile or congenital esotropia can take the recourse to vision therapy and glasses. This can help in reducing the tendency of the eyes to turn inwards. If the inward turning is more acute, surgery could turn out to be the most appropriate option. When the problem is not too acute, eye drops, ointments can be used to address this problem.

Esotropia Types

There are three different categories comprising Esotropia such as:

1) Pseudoesotropia:

Pseudoesotropia denotes the condition of a child whose alignment of the eyes is straight. Pseudoesotropia surfaces more among infants because of their wide, flat noses and folds of skin at the inner eyelid. Ultimately, it takes the shape of cross eye but will become extinct as the infant grows up. It is not gender-specific.

2) Congenital or Infantile Esotropia:

It refers to the state of a child having congenital or infantile esotropia at the nascent stage itself. Also, it can sprout during the first six months of a child’s birth. To correct the defectness of it, the child will be required to undergo surgery. The normal suggested time to go under knife is when the infant is aged between six-to-fourteen months old.

3) Accommodative Esotropia:

Accommodative esotropia is a common form that can be seen in farsighted children, who are generally two years of age or more. The usage of eyeglasses is the prescribed option as it can can straighten the eyes.