Epiretinal Membrane is an eye disease that occurs due to alteration in the vitreous humor or infrequently, diabetes. The disease can also be called as macular pucker. At times, immune system tries to protect the retina and then the cells gather at the macular area as the vitreous grows old and removed from a fixed position in posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). The patient suffers from epiretinal Membrane when a scar tissue grows on the exterior of the macula. The scar tissue starts to contract and during the process it screws up the retina. The process can be compared with crumpling up the film in a camera. Usually older adults are affected with Epiretinal Membrane.
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The patients diagnosed with Epiretinal Membrane usually experience the following symptoms:
Though the actual cause of Epiretinal Membrane is still unknown, health care providers say that it may be linked with some eye problems such as:
EpiretinalMembrane is diagnosed by ophthalmoscopy. If the EpiretinalMembrane is mild then the patient does not need any treatment. The treatment of this disease is done byMembrane peel when the patient’s vision loss affects his/her lifestyle. The treatment is conducted along with vitrectomy.
Membrane peeling reduces the macular distortion, traction macular detachment, foveal ectopia, retinal vascular leakage with macular edema, tissue which covers the fovea, and traction-induced barrier for axoplasmic flow.