(H04.2) Epiphora

Epiphora is a common disease which is observed in many people. This disease causes overflow of tears from the eyes. This infection is said to be caused in the eye or the tear glands. It is understood that when there is an insufficient tear film the tears drain from the eyes rather than the nasolacrimal system. Therefore, tears are constantly fall from the eyes and flow from the face of the person suffering from epiphora. Epiphora is mostly observed in people who are undernourished or need nutrient supplements. The tear film is a very delicate part of the tear glands which directs the tears to the nasolacrimal system.

About Epiphora

Epiphora is diagnosed by clinical procedures. The disease can be diagnosed by observing the eye lids of the person. The lids have a decent amount of inflammation which is observed in the lids where the infection is observed. There are mostly three types of epiphora. There is chronic epiphora, acture epiphora and normal epiphora. As the names suggest the chronic epiphora has a long standing disorder in the tear glands. The acute epiphora is caused more on a day to day basis which is due to some alien particle in the eye or strong wind into your face or some spicy substance going into your eyes.

ICD-10 H04.2
ICD-9 375.20
DiseasesDB 20632

In come of the cases, babies are born with congenital epiphora. This condition is subjected to not having a complete tear duct. Sometimes due to incomplete tear duct this condition is observed in babies.

Epiphora Causes

There are many causes for having this condition. One of the most common causes which are observed in having this condition is the blockage of the tear duct. The lacrimal ducts are sometimes blocked which are alongside the nose. The blocking is caused due to many reasons. Some of the known causes are membrane inflammation, injury on the nose, or tumors.

Below are some of the other causes of epiphora

  • Looseness of lower eyelid
  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Weakness of facial muscles
  • Rubbing of eyelashes on the corona

When there is any kind of irritation in the eye the natural way of dealing with the irritation is by producing water. There are three layers in the eye. The lipid, the lacrimal and the mucus layer all need to coordinate with each other properly to generate tears in the eyes.

Epiphora Symptoms

Like every disease there are some signs which the body releases when it feels that it is not completely fit. For Epiphora also there are similar set of signs from which one can make out that the infection has entered the body. The various symptoms of epiphora are given below

  • As there is blockage in the lacrimal system there is severe tearing which is observed when this infection affects the body.
  • In the inner corner of the eye you can observe pus deposits. This is very common and is considered as one of the most important symptoms in diagnosing the infection.
  • There is also severe irritation in the eye due to this infection.
  • In chronic cases of epiphora the patient may complain about have blurred vision.

Treatment of Epiphora

As in some cases epiphora is caused due to the nasolacrimal blockage and the patient has to undergo a treatment of dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). In this treatment the blockage is removed by some method of balloon tipped probe which creates a new passage as the natural passage is inflated or blocked. One of the most common treatments which are given when the person is suffering with dry eye is eye drops. These artificial tears help the eyes to moist all the three layers and clear your vision and wash out if there are any infections.