Diabetic Retinopathy is the damage caused to the retina after the person suffers from long-term diabetes. It may lead to blindness. It is an optic materialization of systemic disease that affects about 80 percent of patients who have suffered from diabetes for a period of more than ten years. Despite these threatening figures, research results show that at least 90 percent of these new cases could be minimized after if the monitoring and treatment is done properly.
|ICD-10||H36. (E10.3 E11.3 E12.3 E13.3 E14.3)|
Diabetic Retinopathy shows no symptoms until and unless there is some severe damage caused to the patient’s eye.
However, the vision of the person will be blurred and gradually he/she will lose the vision. Floaters in the eye will be seen. The patient will experience the shadows or missing regions of vision. He/she will face difficulties in seeing in nighttime.
The patient knows that he/she is a victim of Diabetic Retinopathy only after bleeding takes place in the eye. This is the reason diabetes patient should check their eyes in a regular interval.
The following are some of the potential causes of diabetic Retinopathy:
There are two types of diabetic Retinopathy: Nonproliferative or proliferative.
First the nonproliferative diabetic Retinopathy occurs in the patients and it makes the blood vessels of the eye larger in some spots known as microaneurysms. Blood vessels may be blocked in such a case. A small amount of bleeding may be experienced and fluid may get leaked into the retina.
The proliferative Retinopathy is an advanced stage of diabetic Retinopathy where new blood vessels start to develop in the eye.
Though the nonproliferative diabetic Retinopathy patients do not need any treatment, they need to control the sugar level in the blood and stop smoking.
Proliferative Retinopathy patients can be treated through laser surgery and vitrectomy.
Drugs which check the growth of unusual blood vessels is a new treatment for diabetic Retinopathy. Injection of corticosteroids into the eyeball is also considered as an advanced treatment for this disease.