As the name suggests, the desert garden basically is a collection of a variety of cacti, succulents and other plants grown in the dry and arid region of desert. This garden boasts of a unique, oldest and largest collection of desert plants. The plants exhibited here have the ability to survive in extreme possible conditions. A large group of relatively unknown and unappreciated plants are also planted here. A broad category of Xerophytes or the plants that are aridity adapted are present here.
The concept of desert garden is not new. From times immemorial, scientists and botanists had interest in the exotic plants grown in the desert area. Their aim was to make common people aware about this relatively unknown species and also carry out various botanical experiments. From world over unique species of plants are collected and displayed here. A variety of cacti and succulents can be seen here.
While designing a desert garden, few things need to b kept in mind. The first and foremost factor is the space available for the garden. The space should be partitioned according to the type of plants to be planted. Categories should be made according to the water needs, microclimatic requirements, etc. Proper plants must be chosen for the garden. A variety of cacti, succulents, and other desert plants can be planted. The garden space can also be divided according to the need using rocks and dividers. Compost and manure should be added to the soil accordingly. A drip irrigation system may be installed to save water and give water in a proper and systematic way.
Garden must be prepared for the plantation. Each plant must be planted 1 or 2 feet apart. Empty spaces can be filled with rocks, and sometimes large slab of sandstone can also be used in a desert garden.
Desert Garden involves systematic planning and a proper design before embarking on this mammoth project. For different varieties of plants, boundaries made up of rocks must be made so as to identify one variety with another. Also there must be suitable arrangement for watering the plants; small canals could be made so that each plant gets proper water.