A distinct style of garden using an informal design, dense plantings and ornamental and edible plants mix, the cottage garden is Cottage in origin. The unique feature of this garden is that it is very graceful and it exudes lot of charm.
Usually random and carefree, Cottage gardening is a unique type of gardening concept. Most often than not, the Cottage garden is filled with a combination of herbs and vegetables, as well as all different types of flowers. Flowers are more in vogue now in comparison to traditional cottage gardens.
Plants are planted very close together to keep weeds down to a minimum. Many plants normally used in the cottage garden seed themselves & plant the garden for you!
Classic cottage gardens are known for their uniqueness and individualistic nature. Like houses they are also given names and are generally located either in the front or the backyard of the house. A harmonious mix of herbs, shrubs, perennials and annuals are planted to make it more beautiful.
The concept of cottage garden goes several centuries back and these functional and homely gardens are linked to working class cottages. It is believed that their reinvented versions were developed in 1870s in England. They were developed as a reaction to earlier Cottage estate gardens that used formal designs and mass plantings of annuals. They were highly structured and formal in nature.
Cottage gardens of earlier period used to be highly practical for all purposes rather than their modern counterparts. Design of this garden is such that vegetables and herbs are emphasized, fruit trees are planted along with beehives or livestock. The spaces that were left in between were filled with flowers. After some time flowers became more dominant.
With the help of a rose-bowered gateway the traditional cottage garden used to be enclosed. Cone shaped tiers or conventional peacock, a well-tended topiary of traditional form used to be the part of the repertory. Sometimes, sun dial or paved paths with thyme in space between, rustic seat, etc were added in the cottage gardens by their creators.