Eye Deceases

Choroiditis Eye Disease

What is Choroiditis?

When the choroid which is the layer behind the retina gets inflamed, leaving either one of the eye affected. This disease that affects the eye is known as choroiditis.

ICD-10 H30.9
ICD-9 363.20
DiseasesDB 2613
MeSH D002833

Choroiditis Causes

Below are lists of causes of Choroiditis

  • Toxocariasis - Toxocariasis is a type of infection that is transferred from animals to human beings. This infection is caused by parasitic roundworms which are known to be in the intestine of animals especially dogs.
  • Cytomegalovirus - It is a very common virus and is also known as CMV. A majority of young people in the United States are infected with it.
  • Histoplasmosis - Histoplasma capsulatum a type of fungus causes histoplasmosis.
  • Herpes Virsus 2 - The herpes virsus 2 is caused by carcinoma of the cervix as well as genital lesions and it is a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Congenital Syphilis - Congenital syphilis is passed from a mother to the fetus.
  • Toxoplasmosis - A single celled parasite known as Toxoplasma gondii causes toxoplasmosis.

Choroiditis Symptoms

Below are lists of symptoms of choroiditis:-

  • Gradual Blindness in One Eye - Since this affects either one of the eye, the person has to be very careful. There can be many reasons that may lead to blindness of vision which can be of great concern and a delay in medical emergency can lead to loss of vision.
  • Disturbed Vision in One Eye- The vision of a person can get easily distorted with this disease. If it is ignored, it can lead to blindness or disturbed vision in either one of the eye.
  • Visual Disturbance- This means any kind of disturbance to a person’s vision. It’s a concern and on knowing this symptom, get a thorough check up done.
  • Sensitive to Light- This is also known as photophobia and the person cannot face bright light. It can cause migraine or a hangover and in severe cases it can cause meningitis as well as meningococcal disease. They need professional help.
  • One Eye Affected- In this when one eye is affected, the obvious symptoms are eye itch, red eye, pain in the eye, blurred vision, and inflammation in the eye and changes in the vision.
  • Blurred Vision- If a person is unable to see clearly, it results in blurred vision. Any change in the vision can lead to an emergency and if delayed a loss of vision. It can also result in hypertension, stroke, migraine or epilepsy.
  • Gradual Vision Loss- If this problem is ignored, in later stage it leads to gradual loss of sight.
  • Red Eye- This is a condition where the whites of the eyes become red. It can be due to dust, foreign body, allergies, infection, chemical burns, trauma or inflammation.
  • Sore Eye- Sore eye is a swelling on the outer layer of the eye.
  • Impaired Vision- This is also a kind of loss of vision. It can lead to temporary blindness and if ignored for a long time it can result in TIA, hypertension, migraine, stroke or epilepsy.

Choroiditis Treatment

There is no specific treatment therefore on noticing the above symptoms the patient can go for a physical examination. He can go for a treatment as prescribed by the specialist.