Chondroitin is a molecule that occurs naturally in our body. It is a major component of the cartilage, which absorbs fluid into the connective tissue and keeps the cartilage healthy. It helps in the formation of new cartilage and prevents the activity of those enzymes that cause cartilage breakdown. Chondroitin is also present in the lining of blood vessels and promotes blood flow throughout the body. Chondroitin supplements are made out of cartilages of sharks or cows. There are synthetic sources also.
Chondroitin supplementation has the following benefits.
Chondroitin supplementation is proved to be an effective treatment for osteoarthritis, a common disease among people of old age, characterized by the breakdown and eventual loss of cartilage. Chondroitin supplement eases the pain of Osteoarthritis.
Reduces symptoms of overactive bladder.
For a long time chondroitin has been suggested for the treatment of preterm labor, Alzheimer's disease, heart disease, and osteoporosis.
Chondroitin has a major role in lowering cholesterol and prevents atherosclerosis in animals and humans.
It reduces the level of oxalate in the urine and prevents formation of kidney stones.
Chondroitin keeps the cartilage healthy, soft and flexible.
It is a natural anticoagulant. It helps to thin the blood and prevent fatal clot formation in the arteries.
There are no safety issues regarding chondroitin supplementation though some people may experience mild stomach upset. As chondroitin is a natural element of cartilage, chondroitin supplementation helps the body to produce cartilage quickly and efficiently. Usually chondroitin is not recommended for children, pregnant and breastfeeding women, as its safety in them has not studied yet. As chondroitin is a natural anticoagulant, those who have blood disorders or those who currently take anticoagulants and nosteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should consult a doctor before starting chondroitin supplementation. There are rare reports of diarrhea, increased asthma symptoms, nausea, photosensitivity, rash, and edema associated with chondroitin supplementation.
Chondroitin supplements are available in capsules or tablets. The suggested dosage of chondroitin supplements is 400 mg three times a day or 600mg two times a day. For the treatment of arthritis, the recommended dosage is 200 mg to 400 mg twice or thrice a day. Some clinical studies used a single daily dose of 1000 mg to 1200 mg.