Eye Deceases

Chlamydia (A74.0+)

What is Chlamydia?

A sexually transmitted disease which is caused by bacteria that causes pelvic infection and a typical pneumonia. Chlamydia is fast spreading in the U.S and about 4 million people are affected every year.

Chlamydia Causes

The Chlamydia is common bacteria in the U.S. Chlamydia is therefore caused by this bacteria and can pass through unprotected sex.

Chlamydia Symptoms

The symptoms of Chlamydia are mild when it’s at an early stage. It is also known as “the silent STD” for the same reason. The symptoms appear in 1 to 3 weeks after exposure. As per the studies, about 10% to 20% sexually active female teens get infected. This disease cannot be easily diagnosed till it reaches a serious condition.

A person suffering from Chlamydia infection in the cervix, urethra or the anus may result in vaginal bleeding or discharge or even pain while urinating. A very common symptom of this disease is pus or mucus from the penis. Some men may also experience swelling or pain in the scrotal area.

Chlamydia Diagnosis

Diagnosing this disease is done mostly clinically as well as by exclusion. In women a cervical, pelvic exam and urethral swabs to test for gonorrhea and Chlamydia is done. In men, a urethral swab is done.

These days, latest and highly accurate urine tests that do not require urethral swab and pelvic exam are available for both men and women.

Chlamydia Treatment

There are many ways to treat Chlamydia which are effective, inexpensive and very safe. Antibiotics like ofloxacin, doxycycline, azithromycin or erythromycin can be taken. Antibiotics to get rid of gonorrhea and Chlamydia are given a major percentage of people to deal with both types of bacteria which coexist.

There are about 95% people who had been suffering from Chlamydia are cured with just one course of antibiotics. Some women with being properly treated are likely to develop pelvic inflammatory disease which can further lead to serious pelvic pain and liver disease. Men on the other hand get severe pain and swelling in the testicles and develop arthritis as well.

Chlamydia Prevention

People who are sexually active should go for a test for Chlamydia to prevent the transmission. They also have to decrease the chances of complications like the pelvic inflammatory disease. Using latex condoms correctly is a very effective way of preventing this Chlamydia. Discuss freely with your partner about hepatitis B infection, HIV, STDs and contraception.