Chinese Garden

A combination of landscape and paintings, Chinese Gardens provides a spiritual impression and helps connect with nature. For many people, Chinese gardens are like a shade on their heads providing spiritual shelter. It brings them closer to the ancient way of life, opportunity for introspection, an escape from frustration and disappointment, etc. Symbols are used in the garden and bamboo is used extensively. Sometimes pine is also used that denotes dignity, persistence and longevity and bamboo represents resilient character. For purity, lotus is used. For renewal and strength of will, flowering plum is planted. Chrysanthemums are planted for splendor, luster and courage.

History of Chinese Garden

Chinese Garden

Two types of Landscape architecture are recorded, beginning with the first historic records during the Shang Dynasty. A royal park was made by Shang kings in Yinxu for the common people. As a raised platform surrounded by lush vegetation in the palace where feasts were held, the royal park was designed. A nature park called Tiger Hill was built in the state of Wu during the Warring states. This idea was expanded into imperial hunting parks with scenic compositions of rocks and plants.

Design of Chinese Gardens

Chinese Gardens were designed and certain special elements were included such as a pool, a hall surrounded by a wall, and a mountain with a tree. It has expanded to 17 elements later on-

  • proximity to home
  • walled
  • individual sections
  • small
  • various types of spatial connections
  • asymmetrical
  • architecture
  • water
  • rocks
  • water
  • sculpture
  • plants
  • jie jing (borrowed scenery)
  • incense burners
  • chimes
  • inscriptions
  • use of feng shui for choosing site

Architecture of Chinese Gardens

Chinese gardens are not planted but built. Ponds and mounds create the basic form of these garden. The garden occupies a special place in the collective imagination since the Neolithic, as China is mostly covered by mountains. The mountain is a magical place in the Chinese imagination.

Circulation of paths determines the location of the building. By the addition of roof and screen walls, the path itself can become architectonic. In the shape of vases and apples these screen walls often have moon-shaped doorways and small windows.