From the moment a child is born, it is undergoing development. Child development takes place in stages from infants to adolescents and then adults. It is the parent’s responsibility to understand these development stages of their child and respond and encourage in the right direction.
Child development is influenced by various factors such as genetics, surroundings or environment, social status and stimulation for learning. Though development is a continuous process and a definite line cannot be drawn between each milestone, children can be grouped based on age-related periods of development, as under.
At this stage, the baby sleeps for up to 20 hours in a day. His sensory organs are able to perform the basic functions of sensing taste, touch, smell, sounds and distinguishing pain from soft contacts. The baby is entirely at the mercy of the parents.
By the end of this period, the child makes various sounds, learns to interact with people around him, understands instructions and is able to walk by himself. Parents and caregivers have to take utmost care in understanding and working with the child very closely.
During this period, the child has become more independent, can eat and express feelings. Childs gross motor skills are well developed and they will be able to hold objects and play with toys. Though, of course there is still dependency on the parents or caregivers as they fears separation from parents.
During these years the Childs fine motor skills starts developing and so are his language skills. It is said that the child learns about one-fourths of his vocabulary during this period. The child will be able to play outdoors games and feels very independent in performing his day-to-day activities.
This phase the child becomes more independent and can perform tasks without much guidance. They are open to coaching, family activities and developing social skills. Their mental abilities improve tremendously and their habits start getting concrete. This is the phase when parents have to provide more emotional support than physical.
This is the last step in child development before becoming an adult. It is time for him to make informed decisions. This is the time when he learns about adult concepts such as independence, money, family, responsibilities towards self and society etc. Parent’s role is very pivotal in this phase. This is a fine balancing act and obviously there are no set formulas.