The cataract is like a clouding which extends in the crystalline lens of the eye. Cataract can make an obstacle from slight to complete cloudiness in the eye and for which the sufferer gets the obstruction of the passage of light which results in blindness. Cataracts normally advance gradually and it affects vision loss and sometimes causes complete blindness. In cataract, both the eyes get affected but it has been seen that always one eye is affected earlier than the other. However, the occurrence of the cataract is normal for elderly people but in some case it can affect young people too. Cataract can cause severe inflammation in the lens of the eye that results phacomorphic glaucoma. There are still some of the notions prevailing in the rural areas that cataract is caused because of heavenly curse but these are the superstitions and now cataract can be treated and removed from eye permanently. The name of the disease comes from the Latin language as it means ‘waterfall’. In the ancient time, the Persian physician called the ‘cataract’ as ‘nazul-i-ah,’ which means ‘descent of the water’.
|ICD-10||H25.-H26., H28., Q12.0|
Reducing clear vision is the main symptom of cataract. Loss of visual acuity is also primary symptom of this disease. The sufferer of the disease experience contrast sensitivity and therefore the person is unable to find the difference of shadows and color vision. The sufferer also experiences veiling glare. An absent red reflex is also considered as the most important symptoms of this disease.
There are very helpful and result oriented treatments available for cataract nowadays. The most common treatment is making an open phase into the capsule of the cloudy lens and that can be done in a simple surgical method. Two types of surgeries are available to treat cataract and these are namely extra-capsular which is clinically called as extracapsular cataract extraction, or ECCE and intra-capsular which is clinically termed as intracapsular cataract extraction, or ICCE; both the treatments are very helpful and have quick result.
Doctors usually remove the lens by leaving the majority of the lens capsule intact in extra-capsular surgery. On the other hand, doctors remove the entire lens of the eye, including the lens capsule in intra-capsular surgery.
Although a few complications are slightly possible after cataract surgery but that may be treated well with expert physicians.
There are many reasons for the causes of cataract namely -
Basically cataract is classified into many types like senile cataract, age-related cataract, cortical Senile Cataract, traumatic cataract and drug-induced cataract. However, there are some secondary cataracts also which infect human being and lead to severe result.