Calcium citrate is one of the supplements of the mineral called calcium. The other forms of calcium are calcium carbonate, calcium gluconate, calcium lactate and calcium phosphate. Calcium is the most important factor to prevent the body from osteoporosis. Calcium citrate can be more quickly absorbed and easily digested. Calcium citrate contains 21 percent of elemental calcium. It is a fat soluble mineral. Calcium is taken in conjunction with vitamin D or else it would be a wasted absorption.
Calcium is used by the body to build and to keep up the structure of bones and teeth.
It also helps in the secretion of hormones and insulin.
Calcium also helps in wound healing.
It also supports in the proper functioning of the heart.
It also assists in blood clotting.
Calcium helps in lowering of the blood pressure and risk of hypertension.
It helps to neutralize stomach acids.
In the case of children, calcium is very important for healthy bones, proper growth and development of the body.
Calcium also helps to reduce cardiovascular diseases.
The intake of calcium citrate lowers the risk of getting colon cancer.
For the age group between 19 to 50, the Recommended Daily Allowance of calcium citrate is 1000mg.
The main deficiency of calcium is osteoporosis.
Rickets, bone deformities, Osteopenia and Osteomalacia are caused due to calcium deficiency.
The deficiency of calcium also leads to hypertension, periodontal diseases and miscarriage.
Higher intake of calcium shows a higher risk of getting prostrate cancer.
People suffering from kidney diseases should not consume calcium supplements as it may worsen the condition.
Higher doses of calcium citrate can lead to constipation and increases the risk of kidney stones.
Other side effects are nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite and coma.