Breast augmentation or augmentation mammoplasty is a surgery carried out to increase the size of breasts of a woman. During the surgery, surgeons use a breast implant as prosthesis to enhance the size of the breasts. This surgery can also be executed for reconstruction of the breasts or mastectomy. Men who want to change their sex can also opt for this surgery.
As per written documents, the first attempt to increase the size of the breast was said to have been made 119 years ago. At the end of first 68 years, the exercise was carried out by injecting materials such as paraffin, fat, and free silicone directly into the body. But the patient has to face severe consequences like infection, breast lumps, abnormality, fat assimilation, fat necrosis, and continual inflammatory reactions.
After invention of the mammogram, the doctors found that these injections generate artifacts, which made cancer screening more complicated. This is the reason most plastic surgeons in the US rejected such injections.
However, free silicone injections still continued to be in use in some countries during the later part of twentieth century.
Breast implants used for commercial purpose were first made available in the US in the year 1958. Since then, around 200 types of different implants have been developed.
The perfect size of breast gives a woman a sense of completeness. The breast augmentation surgery is the best way to get breasts with natural look. After the surgery, one does not need any artificial prosthesis, in which women feel uncomfortable, and it is inconvenient to use.
There are three types of breast implant devices, recognized by the filler material as follows:
The saline implant has an elastomer silicone shell packed with sterile saline solution, the elastomer silicone shell is crammed with thick silicon gel, and the composite implants are featured with various fillers, like soy oil and polypropylene string, et cetera.
The pectoral implant is e device used for implantation of male breast. It is used for reconstruction and aesthetic enhancement of chest wall of a man. A temporary breast implant device known as breast tissue expander implant is used in case of staged breast reconstruction.