The most important factor that differentiate a black skin from a lighter skin is the amount of melanin; the colour pigment in it. The black skin is exactly same as every other skin, except for the melanin concentration and of course in being a bit more sensitive than the other. Care to be given for Black skin is almost same as that for the lighter coloured one, but being more sensitive to bumps, rashes and dark spots black skin should be cared for with more concern.
Cleansing, toning and moisturising are the very basic routines that everyone and anyone should follow. If you have a black and sensitive skin; use a very mild cleanser which cleanses out the dirt, excess oil and make up from your skin. But don’t use a scrubber or a coarse scrub to clean your skin and to exfoliate it, as it might do more damage to the black skin which is usually sensitive. Similarly use a mild and good toner and moisturiser which are designed for the sensitive skin type to give you the cared look. Moisturiser should also be 'the most important part of your cosmetic collection as black skin looks very pallid and dull if not lubricated properly and usually they get dry very fast. But some dark skins are extra oily and those with oily skin don’t have to go for the moisturiser.
Using a good sunscreen is a must for anyone, pale skinned, black skin or any other skin. Though there is a common belief that black skin doesn’t require sunscreen as they have natural sun protecting ability, it is NOT the truth. Apply generous amount of sunscreen each day on your face, hands and any exposed part of the body so as to protect you from the sun and to protect yourself from dark spots, wrinkles and even skin cancer that may take hold of you as you age. Use a sunscreen best suited for your skin type and that comes with moisturiser if you have a dry skin.
Black skin is prone to get more dark spots and hyper pigmented patches if proper care is not given. You can avoid or reduce the appearance of dark spots and the increase of the already present spots by using the magical cream or lotion; the Sunscreen. Take care while you try to bleach your skin, as bleaching might make the dark spots appear more prominently on a black skin giving you a reverse result. Face washes, lotions and creams containing hydroquinone that are found to help in reducing the dark spots. So you can try using these but take care as the chemical may cause irritation on prolonged usage.
Though black skin has a little less chance of getting acne than lighter skins, the treatment of acne in the black skin should be done with care. Harsh treatment of the acne with strong creams and chemicals and rubbing it with hands might lead to scars and dark marks on black skin and sometimes these marks may stay there for a long time. Antibiotic ointments, cleansing mask and deep cleansers are found to be effective against acne on black skin, but if you want to go for chemical peels and dermaaberration, be careful and discuss the effect of the treatment and if it poses any side effects. Usually both these treatments, though producing results very fast, can leave the scars, which stays for a long time.
Keloids are raised scars that may be produced mainly on the black skinned people, due to a trauma or cut on the skin. They are also usually formed on the African American skin as an after effect or surgery, cut or even inflammation of acne. Treating the keloids is not very easy and you will have to meet a doctor or a skin care specialist to take care of it. The keloid treatment cannot be considered as 100 percent effective as they tend to return even after being treated medically.
So the best thing you can do is to reduce their appearance by not picking at your acne and taking care that you don’t get them. You can reduce the appearance of pimples and acne by controlling the oily skin with a soap free cleanser and having a healthy diet, rich in fruits and vegetables. You can also include fruit juices, more water in your diet and cleansing your face regularly. All this can also help to reduce the appearance of pimples on the skin.