A lung biopsy process extracts a small piece of lung tissue which can be examined under a microscope. The biopsy can be done in 4 different ways. The method opted for depends on where the sample will be taken from and also on the overall health condition of the patient.
Biopsy of lung is conducted to ascertain certain lung conditions, like sarcoidosis or pulmonary fibrosis. In rare cases, a lung biopsy may be conducted for severe pneumonia, especially if the diagnosis is doubtful.
It is also conducted to diagnose suspected lung cancer.
Lung biopsy helps to examine any abnormalities witnessed on other tests, like chest X-ray or a CT scan. A lung biopsy is generally suggested when other tests cannot detect the cause of lung problems.
The biopsy of lung is mostly a safe procedure. Any complication depends on whether you have a lung disease and how serious it is. If you already have severe breathing troubles, your breathing may deteriorate for a short time after the biopsy.
Bronchoscope and needle biopsies are usually more safe than open or VATS biopsies. However, the VATS and open biopsies offer a good sample of lung to be removed. A good sample enables ascertain what the lung problem is and what the treatment selections are. Bronchoscope or needle biopsies, do not require general anesthesia, hence lead to fewer problems, and you are not supposed to stay overnight in the hospital. Your doctor can make you aware of the complications involved.
Lung biopsy may enhance your probability of developing a collapsed lung (pneumothorax) during the biopsy. Your physician may need to put a tube in your chest to sustain the inflation of your lung while the biopsy site heals
Severe bleeding (hemorrhage) may be witnessed
An infection like pneumonia may occur and such infections can ideally be gone if treated with antibiotics
Spasms of the bronchial tubes can erupt, which can lead to breathing troubles just after the biopsy
Irregular heart rhythms, which is also acknowledged as arrhythmias, may surface
People with serious lung disorder have a very small probability of dying from the biopsy. If you get general anesthesia, there is rare chance of death from complications allied with general anesthesia.
After a lung biopsy, call your doctor immediately if you experience
Acute chest pain
Difficulty in breathing
Excessive bleeding oozing out of the bandage
Coughed up extremely and if the blood amount is more than a tablespoon