Bone marrow plays a vital role in the human body as bones produces new blood cells. Therefore if there is any problem in the body system doctor recommends biopsy of bone marrow to find out any blood problem. In this procedure, the doctor takes out the sample from the hip bone or from any other bone through a long needle to diagnose the blood problem like cancer etc. Sometimes doctor give local anaesthesia to the patient so that they may not feel any pain. These samples are send to the laboratory for testing and evaluation of any diseases and problems. The result of this biopsy test is obtained within a day or a two. Mainly this is done by Gastroenterologist or General Physician.
There are several advantages of bone marrow biopsy
It is quick and fast. The whole procedure takes only few minutes and samples are taken from the patient.
There arises only few complications to the patient; otherwise this biopsy is safe and comfortable.
This biopsy helps in detecting the major diseases like cancer etc and therefore treatment can be started at early stages.
Patients experience pain when the needle is inserted for taking out the sample. In this case general anaesthesia is not given.
Side effects are rare in bone marrow biopsy but a sometimes complication arises according to the patient. Mild soreness occurs in the patient but it is for short duration. In some patient bleeding problem arises; for this, medical treatment is required. Sometimes patient feels lower back pain. Some patients have red spot on their chest after the procedure of biopsy. When the patient arrives at home, side effects like fever, chillness, and swelling may come to the patient. Nausea, vomiting cough, shortness of breath, chest pain ,Joint pain, fatigue, stiffness, rash are some symptoms that may happen to the patient after the process of biopsy. Patients feel dizziness and sleepy because of the medicine given to the patient for recovery.