Vitamin B3, also called niacin, is a vital food supplement and has several benefits for those who take it regularly in prescribed dosage.
Vitamin B3 occurs naturally in meat, fish, eggs, poultry and green vegetables.
Deficiency of vitamin B3 causes pellagra, which is a condition of the nervous and digestive system.
Vitamin B3 deficiency can be avoided by regular consumption of the above described foods.
If food rich in vitamin B3 is not consumed in sufficient quantities, then vitamin B3 supplements must be taken.
There are several benefits from taking Vitamin B3 but some of the main benefits are listed below:
This vitamin benefits by decreasing the occurrence of cardiovascular disease.
It helps in the reduction of bad cholesterol and is also responsible for increasing the levels of good cholesterol.
Vitamin B3 reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, type-1 diabetes, cataracts and osteoarthritis.
Vitamin B3 plays a major role in the production of energy in the body.
This vitamin also helps in the functioning of the nervous and digestive systems.
Who can benefit from Vitamin B3
Patients recovering from strokes are highly benefited by taking vitamin B3.
Vitamin B3 is a useful supplement to take for overall health and boosting up of the immune system in the body.
Patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease are regularly given vitamin B3.
Unlike most vitamin supplements, Vitamin B3 has a few side effects. If taken in excess the following side effects may occur:
The best known side effect of vitamin B3 is “niacin flush” which is characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the face or in the chest.
Taking aspirin before consuming vitamin B3 reduces the chances of niacin flush.
Very high doses of this vitamin can cause stomach ulcers and liver damage.
Due to the above reason, people suffering from stomach ulcers or liver conditions should not take vitamin B3.
Dosages of Vitamin B3 may vary between 4 mg to 17 mg per day, depending on the age and sex of the people taking it. However, due to the potential side effects of this vitamin, consultation by a doctor is highly recommended.