Iodine is a chemical element with the symbol I and atomic number 53. It is a bluish black solid which on heating sublimes giving violet – pink gas with irritating odor. Iodine is halogen, which is required for the proper functioning of the thyroid glands. It is an essential element required for normal development and growth. About 60% of the body’s iodine is stored in the thyroid gland.
The hormones of thyroid thyroxine and triiodotyronine contain iodine. For their proper functioning, these glands require a considerable amount of Iodine. It plays a crucial role in the thyroid gland’s functioning. Proper intake of Iodine helps to prevent goiter. Doctors and nurses use Iodine to clean the wounds of patient as it has high anti-bacterial effect. It boosts up metabolism and keeps the body fit. It relieves vaginal inflammation or chronic vaginal infection. It also helps in the proper development of hair, nails, teeth and skin. Iodine helps in the proper utilization of calories, thereby preventing storage of extra fats. It also plays a major role in the removal of toxins from the body and assists the utilization of silicon and calcium.
Who is benefited from Iodine
Patients suffering from thyroid problem are benefited by Iodine. It benefits the goiter (enlarged thyroid gland) patients. Patients with low metabolic rates are recommended for proper iodine intake. For wounded people, iodine is beneficial to kill the bacteria in the wound, preventing them to enter the body.
Too much and too little of iodine can result in uncharacteristic metabolism. Rigorous allergic reactions have been noticed in the people having deficiency or more iodine in the body. Allergic reaction like rashes, wheezing, tightness in the chest, bleeding, bruising etc. is seen. Symptoms relating flu like chills, coughs, sweating, loss of appetite, persistent sore throat and temperature above the normal body temperature etc.
The required dosage of Iodine differs from person to person. Infants require about 40 - 50 mcg, children of 1to 3 years require 70 mcg, teens require 90 - 120 mcg daily. The dosage recommended for average men is 150 mcg per day. Pregnant women should have more Iodine intake than usual. They require an intake of 175 mcg of Iodine. Breast feeding women requires 200 mcg daily.