Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) involves three essential amino acids collectively. These acids are some of the most vital components that facilitate the production of proteins namely, leucine, isoleucine and valine.
Proteins are essential components that help in building up human body muscles. When the body is at rest or sleep, muscles are built by the body using the proteins that enables to gain energy for new work again. Leucine, is the most essential acid that regulates the fat and carbohydrate so that it can be utilized properly. BCAA health supplement provides these amino acids to the body for an accelerated muscular growth. This is mostly used by weight lifters. Leucine, isoleucine and valine are used in a ratio of 4:1:1 or even 8:1:1 according to new discoveries made by scientists.
Apart from enabling muscle growth, BCAA has a package of other benefits.
It helps to lower blood sugar levels, and facilitates hormonal growth.
Growth of muscles does not mean just adding on to the muscle content in the body but also repairing any injury or damage caused to a muscle. Leucine, along with isoleucine and valine repairs tissues of skin, muscles.
These also prevent the body from going to a catabolic state. Catabolic state is the state where the muscles become weak after severe work-outs. This happens mostly during the initial training period. These acids have an upper hand over others because of their speedy action process. It provides instant energy to the muscles because of their easy absorption capacity. These acids can be most beneficial if hydrolyzed. But the result of this can only be seen after a month.
Apart from synthesis of protein and metabolism, it boosts up work outs and makes a person remain active throughout the day.
Like any other health supplement, branched chain amino acids also have negative side effects.
Excessive doses of leucine can lead to pellagra. Pellagra is a disease caused due to lack of Vitamin B3.
Moreover it may lead to an increase in the level of ammonia in the body. Cases of physical and mental disorder have been reported recently.
Blood sugar tends to drop and some may reach a stage of hypoglycemia.
An excess of valine on the other hand causes skin disorders or hallucinations. This means that visiting a doctor would be a daily routine for you.
Generally it must be taken before, after or during workouts have about two to six spoons. After work out doses should be more than during workouts to prevent muscle break down. Taking it before sleep would relax the body muscle and give good sleep. However, it is recommended to take BCAA under professional guidance.