Artificial insemination is a procedure in which sperm is artificially placed into a woman’s cervix or uterus. During the time of insemination the semen is inserted into the woman’s body and if the procedure proves successful, the woman gets pregnant. There are many things on which the success rate depends, - like, the age of the woman and the type of problem being treated. The chances of getting pregnant are 5 to 25 per cent and these chances even increases if woman take fertility drugs in conjunction with the procedure.
There are many advantages of artificial insemination. It is a revolutionary fertility procedure with many benefits. It creates chances for the couples faced with male infertility and female infertility. In this procedure sperms are tested and screened properly before getting inseminated so chances of passing a genetic disorder on to the child also decreases. One more advantage of artificial insemination is that it even allows same sex couples to conceive a child. A doctor can explain many other benefits of the artificial insemination. This method is helpful for the people who have some kind of disability, injury or other sexual problems like premature ejaculation.
We have seen many advantages of artificial insemination but it too contains many disadvantages, like, mothers with artificial insemination sometimes have to face problems like infertility, miscarriage, birth defects and difficulty in labour. Timing is very important in artificial insemination. A fresh cell should be collected properly through masturbating at the place where the procedure is done. The motility and the fertility of the sperm will be affected if it is not frozen before it’s off time. It can create difficulty with the insertion of the catheter. It can create cramps like menstrual pains. It has a risk of development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. One more disadvantage of this procedure is of using sperm from the donor. Some women do not like to use the sperm of the person whom they do not know. Many genetic diseases are not detected at the time of screening. It is also difficult to know if the child will inherit certain traits of the unknown donor.
Woman can have vaginal discharge following the procedure. After the procedure woman may have minor cramping and lower abdominal pain for a small period of time. She can also have continued vaginal bleeding or spotting. Disease can also be transmitted from improperly screened semen. It can create problems like premature birth, low birth weight and other complications with pregnancy. Infection in uterus and fallopian tubes can also happen due to infected semen. The problem of ovarian hyperstimulation sometimes results from the hormone drugs and may create ovarian cysts, pain and swelling of the abdomen. Some other side effects of hormone medicines are depression, hot flushes, night restlessness, and headaches.