Cystocopy is a sure procedure to diagnose a patient with symptoms like pain, recurrent infection, bleeding and trouble or frequent urination. Cystoscopy is usually done on outpatients and very rarely the patient might be required to spend a night time in the hospital.
Getting a cystoscopy done holds can have the advantage of as the small instrument which is attached to the cystoscope helps the doctor in removing small areas for biopsy. This would not be possible with imaging studies and with this small stones in the bladder are also removed. Cystoscopy helps urologists to set a fine target for medication to areas that are cancerous or inflamed.
There are two types of cystoscopy- rigid cystoscopy and flexible cystoscopy. In flexible cystoscopy, the disadvantage is that, if there is a lesion and it needs to be removed or a biopsy is required then it may be complicated and difficult for the procedure to be carried out. The patient has to come back later and get a general anesthesia so that the lesion can be removed with a similar rigid instrument.
Mostly, cystoscopy is a safe procedure but there is a little risk involved in it. In a few rare cases, the patient develops infection, has complications from anesthesia, heavy bleeding or the bladder wall may get punctured. In such cases, doctors give antibiotics to the patient before the procedure starts to bring down the risk of the infection.
Even men develop a few side-effects like a scar tissue, which makes the urethra narrow. This condition is called strictures. If this happens, the doctors have to start another procedure which can remove the scar tissue. Considering the fact, cystoscopy doesn’t have much of side-effects and is performed by many doctors worldwide.