Amniocentesis is a process of examining the baby’s health before the delivery; it has become one of the most controversial and fastest trends of expecting parents. It is generally done in 16-18 weeks of pregnancy. As parents are worried about their new one they want to know the development and the disorders of their baby and that is why they get this test done. Mainly this test is done to know about the baby’s disorders. Amniocentesis is the only test in which amino fluids is taken for testing which contains baby’s cells and proteins. If in case there is some disorder then the parent can opt for abortion. This test is used to determine whether the child has genetic or chromosomal abnormalities. After comparing its advantages and disadvantages it has been found that it is one of the important test for the mothers who desire to get it done.
It has many advantages for the mothers who are expecting. Amniocentesis identifies several genetic disorders including the most common like Edward’s syndrome and Down syndrome. This test is able to identify other genetic disorders such as Huntington’s disease, cystic disease, tay-sachs disease, and sickle cell disease. There are many other testing methods like ultrasound but they pick up on these problems. Amniocentesis is the only test which can diagnose these problems in the womb. It is capable to indicate whether the child is at risk for spina bifida and anencephaly. In about 99% this test shows accurate results. It is also helpful in knowing whether baby’s lungs are mature enough for an early delivery if the mother appears to be in a premature labour. This test has become more popular among the ladies who opt for the test to ensure whether have a healthy growing baby in their womb or not. Amniocentesis is best for the high risk women. It is usually offered to those expecting mothers who are found to have a baby with chromosomal or genetic defects. Women who are 35 or more have much higher risk of having these types of risks as the risk increases with the age of the expecting mother. By knowing the needs of the unborn baby parents can become informed, they can arrange the best for him.
There are many more advantages of this test but this test carry some disadvantages also. Parents should be fully aware of the complications and the disadvantages. They should know there is a slight risk that this test can lead the mother to have a miscarriage. But it is very rare. There is a risk of uterine infection in the days following the method or procedure. Many couples who come out with positive result have bad choices to make either they have to raise the child with defect or they have to get an abortion.